zika

Funding Alert: Contact Congress for Emergency Funding for Zika

Please contact Congress to urge the immediate passage of a bipartisan emergency supplemental bill for Zika.
Take Action

ASM Acts to Counter Zika Virus Outbreak

The emerging threat of Zika virus infection.
Read

ASM Urges Action to Combat Zika Emergency

Current events linked to the Zika virus make aggressive public health actions and funding to combat this emerging infectious disease more crucial than ever.
Read
New Governance Information
VOTE
Become a member today!
JOIN ASM
Submit Abstracts for ABRCMS
SUBMIT
Register for ABRCMS
REGISTER

Abstract

This lab activity uses a controlled experiment to demonstrate different rates of decomposition for a variety of man-made and natural materials.  Microorganisms are ubiquitous in the environment, where they have a variety of essential functions. Many microbes are uniquely adapted to specific environmental niches, such as those that inhabit the Dead Sea (Halobacterium), the bacteria and cyanobacteria that inhabit the boiling water springs in Yellowstone National Park, and Chlamydomonas nivalis, the algae that causes "pink snow." Microbes also play an essential role in the natural recycling of living materials. All naturally produced substances are biodegradable, which means that they can be broken down by living organisms, such as bacteria or fungi. Composting is an example of biodegradation that is easy to investigate the classroom. An examination of conditions that foster or impede composting gives insight to growth conditions of microorganisms as well as the proper function of the ecosystem.   

Intended Audience
 

K-4

X

5-8 X
9-12 X
  
Learning Objectives

 

By completing this activity, the student will be able to:

  1. Understand the steps used in a controlled experiment.
  2. Describe the variables in this experiment. 
  3. Analyze the data by determining the rate of decomposition for each material. 
  4. Compare and contrast the nutritional requirements for microbes and humans.   

Necessary Student Background

Students should have prior knowledge of the concepts of landfills, compost piles, and an overview of bioremediation.  This lesson will further investigate the concept of bioremediation, and how microbes can be beneficial in the maintenance of our environment
.

Keywords  

Bioremediation:
the use of microorganisms to remove or detoxify undesired or toxic chemicals from the environment.
Bioaugmentation: the addition of necessary nutrients required to speed up the rate of degradation of a contaminant.Xenobiotic compounds: compounds that are chemically synthesized and do not  exist naturally. Microbial plastic: a product produced by microbes that is an
alternative to plastic, having similar qualities but is biodegradable.

Print a PDF of this activity

The Role of Microorganisms in the Ecosystem (13 pages)

 

TPL_asm2013_SEARCH

8212