This timeline of important Society landmarks was prepared as a reference document to help with preparations in the years leading up to the Society's Centennial in 1999, at which point it was discontinued. 



First meeting, in conjunction w/ meeting of American Society of Naturalists, in New Haven



Dues established at $1.00


First Honorary Members: George M. Sternberg, T. Mitchell Prudden



Dues raised to $1.50



Membership limit set at 100 (Constitutional Amendment)


Affiliation w/ American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) ratified



Committee on Classification established [inferred], (F.D. Chester, Chair)



Membership limit set at 125 (Constitutional Amendment)



First Descriptive Chart (prepared by F.D. Chester, F.P. Gorham, E.F. Smith) approved for distribution



Membership limit set at 150 (Constitutional Amendment)


Class of Corresponding Members established (Constitutional Amendment)



Resolution passed that, "while the purpose of the Society is primarily for the advancement of microbiology as a pure science, this must not be interpreted as excluding papers of applied microbiology..."



Membership limit is now 200


At annual meeting, first grouping of papers into "sessions" (precursor of divisional structure)



Limit on number of members ended.



Decision to publish a journal.



Journal of Bacteriology appears, edited by C.-E. A Winslow. Dues raised to $5, with $4 for Journal


Editors' terms established at 5 years (Constitutional Amendment)


Membership requirements liberalized (no longer "persons who have conducted and published original research")



Abstracts of Bacteriology appears (A. Parker Hitchens, editor)


Local Branches authorized (Constitutional Amendment); first three accepted are Urbana, New Haven (later Connecticut Valley) and Washington, D.C. A New York City Branch was also in existence until around 1924 (re-established in 1934)


Committee on Classification (C.-E. A.Winslow, Chair) proposes preliminary system


Committee appointed (M.J. Rosenau, chair) to cooperate with the National Research Council so that "the Secretary of the Society should be able to keep in close touch with the needs of the government [during the War] in regard to the services of bacteriologists."



Committee on Bacteriological Technic (H.J. Conn, Chairman) replaces Committee on the Descriptive Chart


Employment Bureau proposed


Society incorporated in Indiana


First Director of Local Branches appointed (J.W.M. Bunker)



First major Constitutional revision.


New Branch: Philadelphia (later Eastern Pennsylvania)



Life and Sustaining membership categories established (Constitutional Amendment). Sustaining member dues are $50.


Bergey submits draft of Manual; committee established to work on it


Employment Bureau established


Committee on the Teaching of Bacteriology appointed (David Bergey, Chair)


Army Medical Museum accepts the Winslow Culture Collection, which will be cared for by Washington branch members. Collection will be known as "Collection of Type Cultures of the Society of American Bacteriologists" Eventually becomes AAmerican Type Culture Collection


Funds appropriated for support of a research fellowship in pure bacteriology ($100 per month)


New Branch: Central New York



First sustaining members join


H.J. Conn is SAB representative to Commission on Standardization of Biological Stains


Manual of Methods (loose-leaf) appears


Report from Bergey's Committee on Determinative Bacteriology recommends that Society publish and accept royalties from the Manual


First division of Annual Meeting program (partially) into two concurrent sections (Agricultural/Industrial; Human and Animal Pathology and Immunology)


Research Fellowship (see 1921) awarded to Miss Ellen Armstrong, who, however, accepted another position. Committee on Fellowship discharged



Bergey's 1st edition


Breed, Novy, and Paul F. Clark represent Society at Pasteur Centennial in Paris and Strasbourg


Council votes to establish monographic series, create position of editor of monographs (Buchanan). Expenses, risks to be assumed by publisher; Society to receive any profits


Policy adopted that expenses of future meetings be borne by a registration fee to be paid by all members attending


Committee on Teaching of Bacteriology dissolved


Abstracts of Bacteriology discontinued (becomes part of Biological Abstracts)


Program Committee established


Society begins financial support of ATCC


First SAB monograph, General Systematic Bacteriology, by Buchanan, is published by Williams & Wilkins



Dues raised to $7 (per minutes of 1925 mtg, 1-IVA, Folder 7. Ledger for 1928 has level  of $7.50)



Buchanan and Alice Evans represent Society at the First International Microbiological Congress in Paris and International Botanical Congress in Cambridge


Second SAB monograph, A Compilation of Culture Media (Levine & Schoenlein) published by W&W; contract between authors & W&W has SAB sharing in any royalties



Pure Culture Study of Bacteria appears. This journal, compiled and edited by the Committee on Bacteriological Technique (published by Biotech Publications beginning in 1939 in Geneva, NY), replaces the loose-leaf continuation service for the Manual of Methods.... It runs until 1950


Establishment of "Permanent Fund" ($20,000 invested in U.S. Gov't Bonds)



Hucker Committee appointed "to look into the practices of the Society."


Office of Advisor to Local Branches established (H.J. Conn). But see also 1919


New Branch: Central Pennsylvania



Report of the Hucker Committee on Policies and Procedures:


--Council expanded to include Branch Representatives


--Position of Archivist proposed


--Newsletter proposed


Constitutional revision committee appointed; Winslow is chair


New York City Branch re-established



Newsletter of the SAB first sent to members


Archives Committee established


Council votes to turn over Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, along with unexpended royalties, to Bergey, to administer as he sees fit


New Branches: Eastern New York, Illinois, Indiana, North Central, and Northern California-Hawaii



First Eli Lilly Award


Second International Congress (London); Buchanan represents the Society


Local Branch abstracts begin to appear in JB


New Branches: Michigan, Southern California. Maryland Society of Bacteriologists (1931) becomes branch of SAB


Constitutional revision (nothing major)



Bacteriological Reviews appears


Cumulative index of JB by Stanhope Bayne-Jones is published


The Leeuwenhoek Letter (translation by Cohen) published by Society and W&W


Society becomes national group sponsor for 1939 International Congress of Microbiology, to be held in New York


At Buchanan's request, position of editor of monographs is abolished


New Branch: Ohio



Bergey's Manual Trust established; Society no longer associated w/ publication of Manual


Alice in Virusland (Paul F. Clark's Presidential Address) published at the direction of the Council


New Branches: Eastern Missouri (later Missouri), Missouri Valley



Council establishes status of "Retired" member


Committee on Monographs appointed (Barnett Cohen, chair). Recommends establishment of Publications Board


Hitchens becomes editor of Microbiology Section of Biological Abstracts; Society guarantees $2500 per year in member subscriptions


First Book Reviews appear in Newsletter


Biotech Publications established by Conn to publish Manual of Methods, descriptive chart


Annual Meeting in New Haven (40th Anniversary): seven living charter members honored; first history round table


Third International Congress in New York; Henrici represents Society


President Henrici appoints committee (Rosenau, Chair) to explore certification of public



Committee on Teaching established (becomes Committee on Teaching in 1951)


Membership Committee appointed


Proposed constitutional revision organizes Society into Sections and Divisions, not just Sections


Committee on Certification of Bacteriologists report recommends that no certifying board be established at this time, but that if any organization should indicate its intentions to establish qualifications for medical bacteriologists, Council would take action


New Branch: Kentucky (later Kentucky-Tennessee)



Publications Board established (Constitutional Amendment)


Buchanan again appointed editor of monographs


New Branches: New Jersey (Theobald Smith Society), Texas



War Committee appointed


Annual Meeting cancelled due to travel restrictions


Sub-committee on Use of Motion Pictures in Teaching established


Request from R.G. Leland of AMA Committee on Medical preparedness that SAB "study the qualifications of physicians now engaged in the practice of bacteriology." Society declines.


At this point, there is a Committee on Certification


New Branch: Virginia



No meeting scheduled



Winslow resigns as editor-in-chief of JB


Buchanan resigns as editor of monographs



Meeting cancelled due to travel restrictions


Society for General Microbiology founded in England


"Handbook of Descriptions of Specialized Fields in Bacteriology" published by government w/ help from War Committee


Council authorizes President and Secretary/Treasurer to represent the Society at hearings on bills before Congress re establishment of National Science or National Research Boards


New Branch: Northwest



Committee on Science Legislation appointed


Constitutional Revision approved by Council, Sent to members:


--Add emeritus members


--Archives given constitutional mandate


--CPC established


Financial Advisory Committee appointed


Annual Meeting Finance Committee established; will handle all receipts/disbursements for Annual Meeting. National Society responsible for deficits, takes any profits



Committee on Certification of Public Health personnel reconstituted and enlarged as Committee on Classification and Problems of personnel (S.R. Damon, chair)


President, Secretary/Treasurer represent Society at Interscience Conference on Science Legislation (sponsored by AAAS)


Society distributes (w/ April Newsletter) War Dept. survey re training, experience, salary of bacteriologists


Annual Meeting:


--First Annual Lecture (Ludwig Hektoen Lecture, by Talliaferro)


--"Incubator" first appears (through 1973)


Society Incorporated in Washington D.C., March 25


Fourth International Congress held in Denmark; Breed and ? represent Society


First title in "Microbiological Monographs" series appears: Experimental Air-borne Infection (Rosebury)


Resolution on Biological Warfare proposed (by S. Mudd) at Annual Meeting. Committee formed to examine the issue (see Baldwin files, 13 II AT, Folder 23)


New Branches: Intermountain, North Carolina, South Central, Southeastern



American Institute of Biological Sciences founded -- SAB is charter member society


Abstracts of Annual Meeting no longer appear in JB. Now distributed to registered attendees, available to others for $1


Local Branch abstracts no longer appear in JB


System of support for Biological Abstracts discontinued [new system?]


New Branches: Allegheny, North East, Rio de Janeiro (later dissolved )



Committee on Teaching Survey on Graduate and Undergraduate Teaching of Microbiology


Damon Committee (1947) appoints Sub-committee on Certification and Problems of Personnel (Francis/Syverton committee)


Society for Industrial Microbiology organized



Golden Jubilee meeting; Barnett Cohen's Chronicles of the SAB printed and distributed to members by Williams and Wilkins


Francis subcommittee (see 1949) proposes American Institute of Microbiology, w/ specialty board for certification of medical personnel, and other specialty boards to be added as need arises


Dues increased to $9, of which $8 shall be for subscriptions for JB and BR


Society grants $250 to assist in start-up of International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy, official organ of Judicial Commission and IAM's International Committee on Bacteriological Nomenclature. Becomes IJSB, and Society takes over publication in 1970


Fifth International Congress in Rio; Stuart Mudd represents SAB


Commercial Solvents Award authorized (discontinued 1954)


National Science Foundation established; Interscience Committee on Science Legislation (AAAS) dissolved


Revised Publication agreement with Williams and Wilkins


Society authorizes $5000 for clerical support for Secretary/Treasurer; at resignation of Blair, Williams and Wilkins offers to provide business management service



Decision to begin accumulating money to support full-time Executive Secretary


Defense Research Information Service, a "central clearinghouse established through the central office of the SAB [i.e., W&W] to bring microbiologists and interested agencies together in an unofficial but effective way.”


constitution and by-laws of proposed American Institute of Microbiology.


New Branch: Colorado-Wyoming (later Rocky Mountain)


Subcommittee on Certification and Problems of Personnel report includes draft



SAB membership votes to approve proposed American Board of Medical Microbiology. AMA House of Delegates votes not to approve.


Society membership in American Institute for Biological Sciences not renewed


Relationship with International Association of Microbiologists formalized


Fourth Division (Bacterial Physiology) added; divisional representatives serve as invited members of Council


Problem of publication of Local Branch Abstracts constantly addressed


Committee on Curricula proposes guidelines for accreditation of UG and Master's programs in bacteriology


Committee on Certification and Problems of Personnel reconstituted (Spaulding, Chair); will address certification of non-(quasi)medical microbiologists while Francis- Syverton Committee continues negotiations with AMA



Applied Microbiology first appears


Sixth International Congress, Rome; Mudd represents Society (?); International Association of Microbiologists becomes International Association of M Microbiological Societies


Second Cumulative index to JB, prepared by J.R. Porter


[date approximate]: Committee on Monographs disbands, position of editor of monographs disappears


New Branch: South Florida (Florida in 1984; see Archives inventory 7-IIC, Folder 7), Mexico (approved by Council: doesn't function until 1960)



Northern California-Hawaii Branch resolves that 1956 Annual Meeting should not be held in Houston because of possibility of racial discrimination against some members. Council votes to hold meeting in Houston


Society is notified by Treasury Dept. that it has never applied for tax-exempt status. Application made, denied, appealed. Taxes paid for years 1947 (date of D.C. incorporation) through 1953 pending appeal.


Spaulding Committee proposes SAB-administered "Board of Medical and Public Health Microbiology"


Pamphlet "Careers in Bacteriology" prepared by Public Relations Committee; updates pamphlet prepared by L.W. Parr (date and copy unavailable)


Sustaining Member dues now $75


Public Health Division established (see also 1956, 1958, 1997)



Francis-Syverton and Spaulding Committees recommend creation of "college" comprised of senior SAB members to establish certifying boards and engage in professional activities. New Committee of Twenty appointed to present recommendations for its creation. (Halvorson implies this was in 1954: see ASM News 33:4, p.16)


American Academy of Microbiology incorporated


Committee appointed to advise Chemical Corps on microbiological questions


President's Fellowships instituted (funded by Difco.)


Public Health "Group" (Division) established on trial basis


Dues increase from $9 to $12



Committee of Twenty proposes Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws of American Academy of Microbiology to membership for approval. Approved; first meeting of BOG May 3. Election and certification committees established


Committee on Taxonomy appointed


Committee on International Geophysical Year appointed; member R.H. McBee spends three months in Antarctica


Public Health Division given two years to show sufficient support to justify divisional status


Secretary/Treasurer duties split


SAB Newsletter becomes Bacteriological News


Society applies for affiliate membership in AIBS


First Office of Naval Research lecture delivered at Annual meeting


Tax-status appeal leads to granting of 501(c)(6) status


Manual of Methods of Pure Culture Study of Bacteria becomes Manual of Microbiological Methods; published by McGraw-Hill, not Biotech; as bound volume, not loose-leaf


Society approves one-time assessment of $.50 per member to support travel to 7th


ad hoc Committee on Future Plans of the Society appointed (J.R. Porter, Chair).Will deal primarily w/ publication issues


Limit placed on number of papers at Annual Meeting (400)


AAM establishes Legislation Committee


New Branch: Puerto Rico


Approval of resolution to establish Business office. Office will handle all business currently conducted under Managerial Services contract w/ Williams and Wilkins; publish Bacteriological News; assist local committees in arranging Meeting; Annual Meeting, including sale of exhibit space; operate employment bureau


Constitutional revision: terms of officers and committees begin shortly after Annual Meeting; chair of Publications Board replaces editor of JB on CPC


Committee on Education appointed (L.S. McClung, Chair)


Motion passed that Council consider changing name of Society to Society of American Microbiologists and of JB to Journal of Microbiology


Committee on Monographs re-established (Luria, chair)


7th International Congress held in Stockholm. S. Mudd, J.R. Porter, Secretary Foster and Harry Eagle represent Society


Academy establishes American Board of Microbiology and Council on Education and Laboratories; Nominating Committee appointed


Public Health Division terminated



HQ established in Detroit. Ray Sarber hired as Executive Secretary


Membership cards issued


Council votes against name changes for Society and JB


Journal options first offered to members


Constitutional changes: membership requires BS or equivalent in training; student membership established; Secretary and Membership Committee approve new members (no longer Council); Program Committee chair and vice-chair term specifications moved to bylaws



Society name change approved: becomes effective 12/27 (name change for JB defeated)


First meeting of American Board of Microbiology


JB to accept notices of academic vacancies


Committee on Monographs discharged


Archives deposited in Lilly Library at Indiana University


Division of Virology created (separates from Medical Bacteriology, Immunology and Virology)


Dues increase to $15 (Sustaining Members to $100) to enable enlargement of JB & AM


First photo appears in Bacteriological News


Special issue of American Biology Teacher sponsored by Society


National Registry of Microbiologists established


Committee on Interscience Conferences


First survey of colleges and universities offering degrees in bacteriology or microbiology


First Handbook for the Society written by E.M. Foster


First ICAAC; proceedings published as Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy--1961


Editorial Office established; Robert Day hired as Managing Editor of Publications


AAM establishes Committee on Postdoctoral Programs for Public Health and Medical Laboratory Microbiology (CPEP) and Civil Service Standards Committee (both are subcommittees of Council on Education and Laboratories)


Page charges initiated in JB and AM


HQ to handle rental/sales of scientific films


Society hires professional financial counsel (Brundage, Story & Rose)


Society sponsors (w/ ONR) Symposium on Marine Microbiology


New Branch: Arizona


8th International Congress in Montreal; H.R. Cox, Lederberg & Secretary Gerhardt to represent Society


Headquarters moves to Ann Arbor in own building


Financial structure of annual meeting reorganized


CPEP replaces Council on Education and Laboratories; sponsors first conference on post-doctoral education;


AAM Latin American Fellows Program begun


Bacteriological News becomes ASM News


First Foundation for Microbiology Lectures


Branch Rebate program initiated


ABM establishes Ethics Committee


Eastern Missouri branch expands to include entire state, becomes Missouri branch. Missouri Valley branch now smaller



Society acquires full publishing responsibility for publications program from Williams and Wilkins


Dedication of new ATCC Building during Annual Meeting


History of Microbiology Conference at Indiana


American Board of Microbiology establishes certification program for microbiologists in medical and public health fields


Latin American Visiting Professor Committee organized by AAM


First programs are approved by CPEP (Centers for Disease Control and University of Washington)



First New Brunswick lecture


Constitutional revision: membership to require BS in microbiology or related field; corresponding membership deleted; bylaw re disposition of assets moved to Constitution


ICAAC held with 4th International Congress of Chemotherapy; co-sponsor is International Society of Chemotherapy, with cooperation of Infectious Disease Society of American


First post-"grandfather" certification by ABM


Proposal put forth for "full-time, employed, elected Secretary;" rescinded in 1967


New Branch: Hawaii (leaves Northern California-Hawaii)



Joint Committee of ASM and AAM appointed to evaluate future plans for the two bodies (see 1967, 1968)


Meetings Board established (Constitutional Amendment)


Committee on International Activities


9th International Congress, Moscow: Sarles, Porter and Housewright represent ASM


New Branches: New Mexico (leaves Rocky Mountain), South Carolina



Journal of Virology begins; journal options proliferate


Joint Committee (see 1966) proposes combining headquarters operations for ASM and AAM; relocating HQ to D.C.; hiring Executive Director. Approved by Council and BOG


Publications Office moves to Bethesda


Publications Board establishes policy that "ASM publications overall shall be budgeted so as to pay their own way."


Motion to discharge Committee Advisory to Ft. Detrick defeated. Discussion continues into 1968


NRM begins to publish The Loop



First Executive Director hired (Asger Langlykke)


Headquarters moves to D.C.: 1913 I St. purchased; Academy operations also move to I St., following death of AAM Secretary G.I. Wallace


Joint Committee of ASM-AAM recommends merger of the two bodies. Will require Constitutional revision (see 1970)


American Board of Microbiology becomes American Board of Medical Microbiology (ABMM)


AAM Committee on Laboratory Standards created (see also 1973)


First Carski Award


JV, AM now published monthly


New dues/subscription plan: $15 minimum dues includes one journal subscription


Mail vote affirms motion to dissolve Detrick Committee


Detrick Committee proposes establishment of Public Policy Committee; Council declines


Education Committee revises, publishes "Microbiology" issue of American Biology Teacher (see 1960)



National Registry Committee establishes certification for Specialists in Public Health and Medical Laboratory Microbiology


Harlow Hall Fund Award established by A&I Division


First statistical survey of membership


ad hoc Joint Training and Education Committee (Baldwin, chair) appointed



Infection and Immunity appears


Xth International Congress, Mexico City: Robert Hungate represents Society. Resolution on Biological Warfare accepted by Council. Hungate, Shay, Porter meet informally w/ Soviet scientists


Constitutional revision: Academy becomes part of Society (AAM, Inc., Delaware corporation, dissolved); ICAAC Committee established; several changes in Council and CPC membership


Joint meetings of ICAAC and IDSA approved


New Committees: Environmental Microbiology; Status of Women; Information Science


Fiscal year shifted to July-to-June


Life Insurance plan for members initiated


Council approves Articles of Incorporation for ASM Foundation, Inc.; approved as 501(c)(3) by IRS in 1971


Manual of Clinical Microbiology published by Society


Report of ad hoc Joint Committee (see 1969) proposes establishment of Board of Education and Training: L. Joe Berry chairs committee to evaluate report


Request for establishment of student chapter at Clemson leads to bylaw changes in 1971 permitting student chapters (First one is at Clemson.)



Board of Education and Training established. ABMM, NRM, CPEP and Committee on Guidance for Training in Microbiology all become affiliated w/ BET


International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology taken over by Society


CPC approves moving Publications Office from Bethesda to HQ


Constitutional revision: add BET chair to CPC; amendment process; term of office of president; member nominations for officers


ad hoc Committee on Clinical Microbiology (G.M. Needham, chair) appointed; reports in 1972


Agricultural and Industrial Division becomes Environmental and Applied Microbiology


Latin American Professorship Program initiated by AAM, funded by Foundation for Microbiology


Minimum dues now $20


ASM News begins accepting ads


Bacteriological Proceedings begins using author-prepared copy; title changes to Abstracts of the Annual Meeting of the ASM in 1972; will no longer be distributed free to members


CPC rescinds policy that "publications overall be budgeted to pay their own way;" Purpose is to avoid excess (taxable) profits from ad revenue


Diamond Jubilee Committee appointed


ONR Lecture now ASM Lecture


New Branch: Western New York



ASM News becomes monthly publication; first yearly index appears in December issue. First classified employment ads appear in January. Non-member subscriptions offered


Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy begins as journal. ICAAC abstracts published separately


Waksman Fellowships for Graduate Education established


Pasteur Sesquicentennial at Tulane, co-sponsored by Society


ad hoc Committee on ASM Organizational Structure proposes new and expanded divisional structure. Tentative list of Divisions sent out w/ membership renewals; divisions chosen by at least 150 will become established


ad hoc Committee on Public Affairs Policy appointed (Robert Williams, Chair)


Civil Service Standards Committee of AAM created, replaces similar committee of ABMM


Sustaining Member dues increased from $150 to $300


Council approves expansion of Foundation Lecture Program to allow for up to two lecturers per branch per year



Publications Office takes over handling of nonmember subscriptions to all journals (previously done by W&W for all except AAC, IJSB & ASM News)


Conference Committee established


Public Affairs Committee established


Incubator discontinued


ad hoc Committee to study future of Academy, relation to ASM (Rasmussen, Chair)


NRM establishes certification in Food, Dairy and Sanitation Microbiology


Laboratory Standards Committee (see 1968) becomes ASM Committee


First BET Workshops at Annual Meeting


Advisory Committee on Culture Collections established



First ASM-sponsored Conference, "Extrachromosomal Elements in Bacteria."


Fifteen new Divisions established, officers elected


Acker replaces Langlykke as Executive Director


Page charges in journals suspended


First Cumitech appears


Diamond Jubilee: ASM News includes Sustaining Member, Journal and Branch histories; New Society logo appears on medallion honoring 75th anniversary


Microbiology-1974: First in a projected series featuring symposia proceedings (ASM and non-ASM)


ASM Bookstore initiated: selected reviewed books from ASM News offered to members at discount


NSF travel/admin grant to ASM for US/USSR Joint Working Group on Production of Substances by Microbiological Means


Meetings Department established under office of Executive Secretary


Appointment of Steering Committee to establish American Board of Immunology (Erwin Neter, Chair)


New Branch: West Germany



Journal of Clinical Microbiology


Wyeth Award (becomes Becton-Dickinson in 1978)


Forty-Year Club established


Placement Committee establishes separate rosters for women and minority applicants


ASM Bookstore discontinued


Special issues of ASM News: Education & Training (March); Publications (July)


IRS approves change from 501(c)(6) to (c)(3) status, provided two amendments to constitution are adopted


Committee appointed to clarify relations between Academy and ASM (particularly re BET), Robert Hungate, chair



Dues increase to $28: $21 of that is Journal credit, $3 for membership, $4 for ASM


Applied Microbiology becomes Applied and Environmental Microbiology


Mycoplasmology Division activated


Membership reaches 25,000


First poster sessions at Annual Meeting (ICAAC follows suit in 1977)


Lilly Award age limit changes from 35 to 40; award increased from $1000 to $2000


American Board of Medical Laboratory Immunology (ABMLI) established


Academy by-laws revised (Hungate Committee); changes in effect 1977, including transfer of Latin American Professorship Program to BET


Clinical Microbiology and Medical Mycology Divisions split off to form Division Group V



New Constitution establishes AAM on equal basis w/ other boards


Fisher Scientific Company Award for Applied and Environmental Microbiology


Branch Rebate program ended


Fiscal year switched to Jan-Dec. (six-month budget necessitated for July-Dec, 1976)


ASM Foundation, Inc. dissolved (no longer needed after tax-status decision of 1975); replaced by Foundation Committee


Manuscript handling fee instituted ($35)


Society adopts resolution concerning regulation of recombinant DNA


Wyeth Award becomes Becton-Dickinson Award


First ASM Congressional Scientific Fellowship awarded


US/USSR Joint Working Group on Production of Substances by Microbiological Means holds three conferences, publishes proceedings


BET establishes Evaluation of Continuing Education Programs (ECEP) to qualify competent programs to award Continuing Education Units


ASM is approved by Liaison Committee on Continuing Medical Education as sponsor of continuing education programs (status unaffected by AMA's withdrawal from LCCME in 1979)


Latin American Professorship Program transferred from AAM to BET


PB and CPC agree that Society will not publish "conventional textbooks"



Bacteriological Reviews becomes Microbiological Reviews


Movement to hold meetings only in states which have ratified Equal Rights Amendment; Council establishes policy concerning action on "social, moral and political issues.”


Archives book collection moves from Lilly Library, Indiana University to Kuhn Library, University of Maryland Baltimore County


First Graduate Student Travel Grants to Annual Meeting (through Foundation Committee)


With new copyright law, authors must now assign copyright to ASM


BET seeks to establish Education Division; Meetings Board agrees to 3 trial paper sessions at 1979 Annual Meeting


Continuing Education programs, conferences accredited by Liaison Committee on Continuing Medical Education


ASM and American Society for Clinical Pathology form Joint Liaison Committee on Continuing Education


Movement to establish Board of Scientific Services


Mailing surcharge instituted for foreign member subscriptions


First Becton-Dickinson Award (formerly Wyeth)



Public and Scientific Affairs Board established


Manuscript handling fee abolished


ICAAC holds joint meeting with International Congress of Chemotherapy


ASM contracts w/ NIAID to undertake extensive manpower survey of all members; results in ASM News, 1982


Annual Meeting is in two parts: in L.A. for first section, in Honolulu for U.S.-Japan Intersociety Microbiology Congress


First ABMLI exam


Search committee appointed to investigate new headquarters building


Mexico and Rio de Janeiro branches dissolved



ABMM, NRM initiate recertification programs


CPC approves proposal for new building for Headquarters (1819 L. ST.)


Virology Division splits into DNA Animal Viruses (S) and RNA Animal Viruses (T)


ASM files amicus curiae brief before Supreme Court in Chakrabarty case (patentability of genetically-engineered organisms)


Minority Predoctoral Fellowships established (funded by Foundation for Microbiology)


Wellcome Visiting Professorship Program initiated


Bylaws Changes: sunset committee; Council must formally approve new main activities; inclusion of PSAB; officers will supervise non-Board-related committees; half of Nominating Committee members must be elected Council Members


Petition approved for Nosocomial Infections Division


ASM disaffiliates from AIBS



Dues increase, from $28 to $45; Journal credit increased to $38


Due to high interest rates, plan to build new HQ building at 1819 L St. abandoned.


IAMS becomes International Union of Microbiological Societies


Report of ad hoc committee on branches (Sunset Committee) recommends bylaw changes: establish Branch Organization Committee; set formal rules for branch self-governance; criteria for dissolution of branches


Report of ad hoc committee on ASM NEWS: editorial Board recommended, as well as publication of review articles


Molecular and Cellular Biology appears


PB discusses new journal on Viral Pathogenesis (decides in 1983 not to undertake this), decides not to publish Dictionary of Microbiology


Elesec (BET Committee on Elementary and Secondary Education) first published


Councilors' Colloquia (divisional miniconferences) tried at Annual Meeting


Housewright replaces Acker as Executive Director; Sarber becomes Executive Secretary Emeritus


Petition approved for Bacteriophage Biology Division (M)


ABMM/ABMLI diplomate caucus holds organizational meeting


Exploratory meeting held by virologists to examine establishing virology association. Issue is addressed in Council by report of ad hoc Committee on Affiliation in 1982


NRM attains full category A membership in National Commission for Health Certifying Agencies


Non-book Archives material shipped to UMBC



Byrd Press begins printing all scientific journals; Dartmouth Press begins printing ASM News


Due to space considerations, Office of Education and Training moves to Joseph Henry Building at NAS


ASM hosts XIII International Congress in Boston


Page charges reinstituted for JB, IAI, JCM, JV, AEM, AAC(MCB in 1983)


United States Federation of Culture Collections J. Roger Porter Award established


Hoechst-Roussel Award established


First commercial taping of sessions at Annual Meeting


ad hoc Committee on Divisions reports, includes recommendation that Divisions have equal representation with Branches in governance


Placement Committee discontinues separate registries for women and minorities


PSAB inaugurates legislative alert letters to members


PSAB establishes ad hoc subcommittee on the Status of Minority Microbiologists (full Committee status in 1984)


PSAB helps establish ad hoc Group for Medical Research Funding


Fermentation Division renamed Fermentation and Biotechnology


NRM moves to make recertification voluntary, extends period from 3 to 5 years


ASM Conference on Infections and Immunological Diseases of Male Homosexuals



Dues increase to $50 ($41 for journals, $5 for ASM News, $4 for membership services)


Sunset Committee on Boards: recommendations include centralized publicity function; review of policy statements; updated handbooks; long-range (3-5 year) planning


ICAAC Young Investigator Awards established (sponsored by Merck, Sharpe and Dohme)


First Alice Evans Award (Comm. on Status of Women Microbiologists, PSAB)


All ASM Foundation monies (except those given by Foundation for Microbiology) are transferred to general ASM funds


Individual, non-member subscription rate added


Petition for Mycobacteriology Division (U) approved


Elesec discontinued


First report of ad hoc Committee on Ethics


NRM becomes Certification Board of National Registry of Microbiologists


New Branch: Alaska



Revised report of ad hoc Committee on Ethics. CPC adopts code. Permanent committee established


Committee on the Status of Women Microbiologists initiates "The Communicator"


Society begins to accept credit cards for book purchases, meetings registration, membership


First Raymond W. Sarber Fellowship Awards; first Vector Young Investigator TravelAwards


Textbook publishing issue raised again; ad hoc committee appointed


Council approves common set of bylaws for divisions. Each division now to have a representative on Council; one of these representatives to serve on CPC


Headquarters Search Committee explores purchase of 2011 I St. After a confusing vote at March Council Mtg., special meeting held in June, and motion to purchase building is defeated


Sustaining member dues from $150 to $500; Student member dues from $5 to $10


New Divisions: Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology; Medical Immunology (name changed to Diagnostic Immunology almost immediately.) Division of Bacterial Infections and Pathogenesis name change to Pathogenesis of Bacterial Mycotic and Protozoan Infections denied after objection from Division F. New name is Microbial Pathogenesis


South Florida Branch becomes Florida Branch


Civil Service Affairs Committee moves from AAM to PSAB



Dues increase to $57: $8 for membership services, $8 for dues, journal credit remains $41 (Increase associated w/ planned building purchase)


Abbott Laboratories Award in Laboratory Diagnostics


Behring Diagnostics Award in Clinical Virology-Rickettsiology


Report of AAM Sunset Committee (coupled w/ Board S.C.); recommendations include Public Relations office, establishing board of Certification


BET establishes core curriculum for baccalaureate programs in microbiology


ad hoc Committee on Public Relations established


Foundation Lecture program to expand to offering two lecturers/year to each branch; additional funding from ASM


Committee on Awards created to supervise all aspects of ASM-associated awards, and to recommend procedures for transferring this function to AAM


Bylaws amendments: change in procedure for nomination by petition for elective officers; procedure for handling accusations of ethics violations


Center for the History of Microbiology established (jointly w/ UMBC)


Civil Service Affairs Committee moves from AAM to PSAB


Ethics Committee's Ethical Review Process approved by Council


"Direct Line," closed-circuit TV program, is piped into hotel room TVs at Annual Meeting and ICAAC



Issue of ASM response to needs of clinical microbiologists is raised; President Schaechter creates ad hoc Commission on Clinical Microbiology (Dowdle Commission)


First Gallup Survey of membership is conducted


ABMM revises eligibility requirements and exam procedures


West German Branch (founded 1974) dissolves; members become members of Association of General and Applied Microbiology


Division name changes: Pathogenesis of Bacterial, Mycotic and Protozoal Infections becomes Microbial Pathogenesis; Bacteriophage Biology becomes Bacteriophage


Due to space restrictions, Departments of Public and Scientific Affairs and Education and Professional Development move to leased space


Alexander Sonnenwirth Memorial Lecture established


First ASM Biotechnology Conference


Minority Student Science Career Support Program established



Bylaws changes: division councilor terms to alternate (to achieve 50% rotation); legal liability protection provided by Society for employees and volunteers; term limit changes (Secretary and Treasurer, from 10 to 9 1/year terms; Board Chairs from 2 5/year terms to 3 3/year terms)


As a result of dispute between Southeastern and Florida Branches, Council sets policy for resolving inter-branch disputes. Policy revised following year


Canons of Ethics and Ethical Review Process revised


PSAB appoints task force to examine PSAB-related findings of Dowdle Commission report (see 1986)


Scherago-Rubin Award begun



Page charges reduced: $55 to $35 for JV, MCB; $35 to $20 for all others


Clinical Microbiology Reviews appears


"ASM Update," pilot videocassette, is distributed to 7000 members


Cetus Corporation Biotechnology Research Award begun


First CPC Strategic Planning Sessions; Council approves Mission Statement and Strategic Goals


Bylaw Amendments: mail vote allowed for future amendments; ASM Foundation becomes subcommittee of Finance Committee; Biotechnology Conference established


Council denies petition to establish Education Division by declining to amend the Constitution to permit creation of nonscientific divisions


Standing committees on Divisions and Public Relations established (previously ad hoc)


Academy organizes first Critical Issues Workshop


Department of Information Management and Analysis established at Headquarters


ad hoc Committee on Sustaining Membership established


PSAB establishes Task Force on Biotechnology


First Education sessions at Annual Meeting (BET Committee on Annual Meeting Planning)


Last Behring Diagnostics Award



New Headquarters Building at 1325 Massachusetts Ave. is purchased


Division V name change: from Diagnostic Immunology to Clinical and Diagnostic


Publications Board to allow Letters to Editor in all journals; requires all authors reporting DNA sequences of genes to get acquisition number from GenBank; votes to test CD-ROM publication of some journals; posts contents of some


Continued concern about service to clinical (Division C) members: see minutes, ASM


Annual Meeting Program, though still free to members, no longer sent without specific request


Academy Board of Governors retreat leads to creation of 8 ad hoc committees to examine issues facing the Academy


PSAB establishes State Network



BET begins audioconference program


Council approves PB proposal to publish textbooks, and to pay royalties on all types of books, excluding symposium proceedings


New Brunswick Lecture becomes President's Forum at Annual Meeting


Conference Development Committee folded into Conference Committee (MB)


Second Gallup Survey of membership


ad hoc Committee on Biotechnology (this year only)


Book Publication Division established in Headquarters



Dues increase to $75. $10 increase split $8 for Publications, $2 for Membership Services. Student dues to $15


JB published twice monthly


New Sustaining Member program: Gold ($1000), Silver ($5000), and Platinum ($10,000) levels of membership established


Annual Meeting now called General Meeting


Administration of all awards transferred to AAM


Instructions to authors for journals include requirement that authors make newly described strains, cell lines, etc. available for non-commercial purposes.


New procedure established for election of Councilors


Council of Past Presidents established


ASM organizes National Life Science Education Summit Conference, which leads to formation of Coalition for Life Science Education (CELS)


Division N name change: from Aquatic & Terrestrial to Microbial Ecology


Academy Newsletter revived (previously published 1957-68)


NRM opens certification exams to international microbiologists


BET reorganization proposed


Implementation of guidelines for industry-sponsored events at ASM meetings


Science Journalism Program established


PB declines to institute journal in Veterinary Microbiology (also 1992)


Fisher Award (see 1977) becomes ASM Award in Applied and Environmental Microbiology


First ABMM Professional Recognition Award



Increases in member rates for JB, JVI and MCB take those rates beyond journal credit amount included in dues


Audit Committee now standing Committee


Division J name change to Ultrastructure and Functions


ASM Distinguished Service Award established


Baxter Diagnostics Microscan Young Investigator Award established


Ortho/McNeil Minority Predoctoral Fellowship established


Garden and bust of Kitasato dedicated at Headquarters


PB establishes ad hoc Ethics Committee


CPC's International Affairs Coordinating Committee established


Abbott Award changed in purpose and scope; now Abbott Laboratories Award in Clinical and Diagnostic Immunology


First ASM-organized workshops offered at International meeting (3rd Western Pacific Conference on Chemotherapy and Infectious Diseases, in Bali)


ad hoc Committee on Volunteerism appointed


BET Committee on Continuing Education discontinues joint sponsorship of CME programming: will sponsor only General Meeting and ICAAC workshops (1st Retrovirus Conference in 1993 is exception). Joint sponsorship w/ Branches withdrawn in 1993



Microbial Literacy Project initiated


Proctor and Gamble takes over sponsorship of ASM Award in Applied and Environmental Microbiology (formerly Fisher Award)


Undergraduate Research Fellowship Program established


ASM and IDSA agree to hold ICAAC and IDSA Annual Meeting contiguously through 1995


Education Division (Division W) approved


Academy Bylaws revised (Williams Committee?)


Award Administration restructured: Honorifics to AAM; fellowships to BET; Travel Grants to Meetings


Books Division renamed ASM Press


ad hoc Committee appointed to review Divisional Structure


Chiron takes over support for Cetus Biotechnology Research Award


Sonnenwirth Lecture becomes bioMerieux Vitek Sonnenwirth Memorial Award


All journals become available on CD-ROM


BET establishes Task Force on Minority Education


Bylaw revision concerning election of honorary members


Branch Organization Committee begins comprehensive review of purpose, structure and function of Branches


Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology appears


PSAB Manpower Committee and Westat, Inc. begin national manpower survey


Plan approved to restructure divisions


BET begins to administer National Center for Infectious Diseases postdoctoral Research program


Headquarters now accessible by email.



Dues increase of $5, allocated to public affairs, communication and education programs


Constitution/Bylaw revision:

--Membership Board established

--changes in Council/CPC composition: division & branch representatives;

--Books Committee chair member of PB


Abbott-ASM Lifetime Achievement Award in microbiology established


ASM Public Communication Award established


CPEP no longer recognized as accrediting agency by U.S. Dept. of Education