2015 General Meeting Programs Sponsored by the Center for the History of Microbiology/ASM Archives (CHOMA) Committee
Annual History of Microbiology Lecture
Title: From Humor to Virus: The Microbiology of Yellow Fever in Historical Perspective
Lecturer: Mariola Espinosa, Ph.D.
Associate Professor, History Department
University of Iowa
Date: Sunday, May 31, 2015
Time: 4:45 pm - 6:30 pm
Location: New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Meeting Room 343
Session #: 080
This lecture will trace the history of yellow fever, a viral disease that profoundly affected New Orleans, other Gulf Coast cities, and the larger Atlantic world. It will begin by describing the debates among doctors and scientists that led yellow fever to be identified as a distinct disease and distinguished from other fevers. Next, it will trace the history of the identification of the disease's etiology, paying particular attention to the contributions of Carlos Finlay, John Carter, Jesse Lazear, and Walter Reed, and follow the subsequent efforts to eradicate the disease. It will then turn to how the virus that causes yellow fever was finally identified and how a complete understanding of its ecology forced a new strategy of containment.
James A. Poupard
Pharma Inst. of Philadelphia, Inc., Philadelphia, PA
Chair, Center for the History of Microbiology/ASM Archives
History of Microbiology Exhibit:
Exhibit: Endless Curiosity: The Discoveries and Legacy of Antony van Leeuwenhoek
Curated by: Jeff Karr, ASM Archivist
Date: Sunday, May 31, 2015 - Tuesday, June 2, 2015
Time: 10:45 am - 4:00 pm (Sunday-Monday); 10:45 am - 2:45 pm (Tuesday)
Location: New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Exhibit Hall (in ASM Booth area)
The CHOMA Exhibit, Endless Curiosity: The Discoveries and Legacy of Antony van Leeuwenhoek, will display materials from the ASM Archives, including a replica of a Leeuwenhoek microscope, a 1685 Latin edition of three of Leeuwenhoek's letters, and some original issues (1680s) of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, among other items.
Poster Session on History of Microbiology:
The History of Microbiology Poster Session presents posters on a wide range of topics in the history of microbiology: scientists, microbes, and techniques.
Date: Sunday, May 31, 2015
Time: 10:45 am - 12 Noon
Place: New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Poster Hall
2015 General Meeting Programs Sponsored by the Center for the History of Microbiology/ASM Archives Committee
The Center for the History of Microbiology/ASM Archives (CHOMA) Committee is pleased to announce its schedule of asm2015 meeting events:
- History of Microbiology Lecture: From Humor to Virus: The Microbiology of Yellow Fever in Historical Perspective (Lecturer: Mariola Espinosa, University of Iowa)
- CHOMA History Exhibit: Endless Curiosity: The Discoveries and Legacy of Antony van Leeuwenhoek
- History of Microbiology Poster Session
Click on image to begin the slideshow
From its founding in 1899 (as the Society of American Bacteriologists) until 1975, the American Society for Microbiology elected only two women to serve as its President: Alice C. Evans in 1928 and Rebecca Lancefield in 1943. While this may have reflected a certain bias among the (primarily male) members of the Society, it is also likely to have resulted from a larger lack of educational and employment opportunities in the broader society: the pool of potential female SAB Presidents was simply too small to offer up many successful candidates.
Whatever may have been the case, the purpose of this brief overview of the career of Alice Evans is to demonstrate that this first woman President was fully engaged with the science, and the network of scientists, of her day, and was a worthy successor (and predecessor) to the other microbiologists who have held that office. It is presented in the hopes of simulating further historical interest in her life and career.
This slide show is based on an exhibit prepared for the asm2013 Meeting, which was comprised solely of materials in the collections of the Center for the History of Microbiology /ASM Archives.
For more information, contact ASM Archivist at firstname.lastname@example.org
The Rockefeller University has been named a Milestones in Microbiology site by the American Society for Microbiology.
SITE DEDICATION CEREMONY
The formal site dedication took place as follows:
Date: Wednesday, April 8, 2015, at 12 Noon
Place: The Cohn Library, The Rockefeller University
- Remarks by Marc Tessier-Lavigne, Rockefeller University President
- Overview of Milestones Program and Introduction of ASM President by Doug Eveleigh, Chair of Milestones in Microbiology
- Plaque Presentation by Stanley Maloy, Past President of the ASM
- Lecture by James Darnell, Vincent Astor Professor Emeritus: “Rockefeller University’s Early Role in Microbiology”
- Lecture by Emil Gotschlich, R. Gwin Follis-Chevron Professor Emeritus: “History of Meningitis Research at Rockefeller."
- Walking tour conducted by University historian Carol Moberg: Site for “Milestones” plaque (Collaborative Research Center) and Rockefeller University historical laboratory (Flexner Hall)
- Stanley Maloy, Past President of the ASM, presented the official Milestones in Microbiology plaque on behalf of the Society.
- Marc Tessier-Lavigne, Rockefeller University President, accepted the plaque on behalf of the University
RATIONALE FOR THE MILESTONES DESIGNATION
The Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (now known as Rockefeller University), founded in 1901, was the first institute in the U.S. entirely devoted to using biomedical science to understand the underlying cause of disease. Its initial focus on infectious disease and its continued leadership in fields such as bacteriology, virology, parasitology, immunology, and genetics have led to numerous contributions to the microbiological sciences.
The ASM Milestones designation is made in recognition of the many outstanding achievements of Rockefeller scientists, and in particular for the following ground-breaking discoveries:
- The 1944 discovery by Oswald T. Avery, Colin M. MacLeod, and Maclyn McCarty that DNA from one pneumococcal type can transform cells of a different type, a finding that pointed to DNA as the molecule of heredity.
- Peyton Rous’ formulation of the viral theory of cancer causation after his 1910 discovery that a virus in a chicken sarcoma could cause the same tumor type in inoculated healthy animals, a theory that was proven correct nearly a half century after he proposed it.
- The development by Emil C. Gotschlich of purified capsular polysaccharide vaccines against groups C and A meningococcal bacteria, which have prevented meningitis in infants, children, and American military recruits since 1970.
THE MILESTONES PLAQUE
PDF of Plaque: Click Here
Press Release Announcing Milestones Designation: Click Here
VISIT TO THE “FLEXNER LAB”:
After the Milestones ceremony, Carol Moberg led a tour to the “Flexner Lab,” a historic lab that has been transformed into a small museum housing artifacts from Rockefeller University's past and serving as a venue for special exhibits relating to Rockefeller University history. The lab contains fixtures and other items dating to the early 20th Century. Among the artifacts on display are glassware created in the university’s glassblowing shop (the university also had a woodworking shop and machine shop where scientists worked with master craftsmen to create tools to solve problems), benches, fume hoods, air and gas nozzles, and heavy stone bench tops that are twice as thick as modern ones. Of special note are several glass perfusion pumps (1930s) invented by Rockefeller’s Alexis Carrel and aviator Charles Lindbergh. The pumps were used in animal experiments to keep whole organs alive outside the body, and were the precursors of the heart-lung machines used in open heart surgery beginning in the 1940s. Lindbergh’s interest and involvement in this invention stemmed from his personal experience: his sister- in-law had heart problems that were untreatable because technology at the time did not allow for organs to be removed and preserved during surgery.
A special exhibit commemorating the Milestones designation was on display in the lab, featuring photographs related to the accomplishments and scientists cited on the plaque. Also displayed were photos and documents relating to the four Rockefeller scientists who have served as ASM president:
1936 – Thomas Milton Rivers (1888-1962)
1941 – Oswald Theodore Avery (1877-1955)
1943 – Rebecca Craighill Lancefield (1895-1981)
1952 – René Jules Dubos (1901-1976)
Several reprints addressing Rockefeller history were available to visitors. Copies were obtained for the ASM Archives:
- Frozen in Time: Flexner’s historic lab re-opens with early inventions on display (Benchmarks. The Community Newsletter of the Rockefeller University (April 19, 2013)].
- Editorial. A triple tribute to the experiment that transformed biology (J. Expt. Med. 179: 929-837 ) Avery and DNA
- Moberg, C. 1995. The electron microscope enters the realm of the intact cell (J. Expt. Med. 181: 379-384 )
- James B. Murphy’s Laboratory
- “Natural Selections” 99: June 2013. A spin through the past: Early centrifuges and microtomes in Flexner Hall’s historic lab (Newsletter of the Rockefeller University Community) (See under selections.rockefeller.edu)
MORE ABOUT THE ROCKEFELLER UNIVERSITY
The Rockefeller University is one of the world’s foremost biomedical research institutes and is dedicated to conducting innovative, high-quality research to improve the understanding of life for the benefit of humanity.
Founded in 1901, The Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research was the country’s first institution devoted exclusively to biomedical research. In the 1950s, the Institute expanded its mission to include graduate education and began training new generations of scientists to become research leaders around the world. In 1965, it was renamed The Rockefeller University. Its more than 70 laboratories conduct biological and biomedical research and a community of over 2,000 faculty, students, postdocs, technicians, clinicians and administrative personnel work at the University’s 14-acre campus.
Rockefeller’s unique approach to science has led to some of the world’s most revolutionary contributions to biology and medicine. During Rockefeller’s history, 24 of its scientists have won Nobel Prizes, 21 have won Albert Lasker Medical Research Awards and 20 have garnered the National Medal of Science, the highest science award given by the United States.
For more information, go to www.rockefeller.edu
THE MILESTONES IN MICROBIOLOGY PROGRAM AND LIST OF MILESTONES SITES
Size: 3.5 linear feet
Source: Dr. Steven Specter
In 1984 the University of South Florida sponsored the first International Symposium on the Biomedical Sciences; the topic was “Viruses, Immunity and Immunodeficiency.” The topic the next year was “Clinical Virology,” and the need for a meeting on this topic was sufficiently great that 1986 saw the Second Annual Clinical Virology Symposium, co-sponsored by the Pan American Group for Rapid Viral Diagnosis (PAGRVD). The meetings continue to this day, now sponsored by ASM and the France Foundation, in cooperation with the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology (formerly PAGRVD.)
The Center for the History of Microbiology now has a nearly complete set of programs and abstracts from this important annual meeting. Copies of the Symposium and Workshop programs are available online (http://www.clinicalvirologysymposium.org/ ) and full documentation (abstracts, workshop materials, etc.) is available through the Archivist (email@example.com)
- Program and Abstracts of the International Symposium in the Biomedical Sciences: Viruses, Immunity and Immunodeficiency. 1984
- Program and Abstracts of the International Symposium in the Biomedical Sciences: Clinical Virology. 1985
- Program and Abstracts of the Clinical Virology Symposium: 1986-1996
- Program and Speaker Abstracts of the Clinical Virology Symposium: 1997-1998; 2000-2014
- Poster Abstracts of the Clinical Virology Symposium: 1997-2014
- Molecular Virology Workshop Handouts: 1994-2014
- Travel Awards Booklet: 2003, 2006 Guide to Exhibits: 2011-2012; 2014