Distinct Avian Influenza Viruses Found in Antarctic Penguins

WASHINGTON, DC – May 6, 2014 – An international team of researchers has, for the first time, identified an avian influenza virus in a group of Adélie penguins from Antarctica. The virus, found to be unlike any other circulating avian flu, is described in a study published this week in mBio®, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

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Tomato Turf Wars: Benign Bug Bests Salmonella. Tomato Eaters Win

WASHINGTON, DC – May 5, 2014 – Scientists from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have identified a benign bacterium that shows promise in blocking Salmonella from colonizing raw tomatoes. Their research is published ahead of print in the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

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Cow Manure Harbors Diverse New Antibiotic Resistance Genes

WASHINGTON, DC—April 22, 2014—Manure from dairy cows, which is commonly used as a farm soil fertilizer, contains a surprising number of newly identified antibiotic resistance genes from the cows’ gut bacteria. The findings, reported in mBio® the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology, hints that cow manure is a potential source of new types of antibiotic resistance genes that transfer to bacteria in the soils where food is grown.

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Low Cholesterol in Immune Cells Slows HIV Progression

WASHINGTON, DC – April 29, 2014 – Scientists at the University of Pittsburgh have identified why some HIV-infected people experience much slower disease progression, even without medication, and it has to do with cholesterol levels in specific immune cells.  They report their findings in mBio®, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

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Long-Term Antibiotic Treatment for Q Fever Causes Weight Gain

WASHINGTON, DC – April 14, 2014 – Scientists have unearthed still more evidence that antibiotics can contribute to obesity.  Research published ahead of print in the journal Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy suggests that patients on long-term antibiotic treatment gained weight and had significant changes in their gut microbiota.

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