Novel Intravaginal Ring Shows Promise For HIV Prevention

WASHINGTON, DC – July 2, 2014 – A novel intravaginal ring implanted with anti-retroviral drug tablets, or pods, demonstrated sustained and controlled drug release and safety over 28 days, according to a paper published ahead of print in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. The ring, designed to prevent transmission of HIV, was tested in pig-tailed macaque monkeys, and is engineered to be inexpensive, all the better for use in developing countries, says corresponding author Marc Baum.

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Foodborne Bacteria Can Cause Disease in Some Breeds of Chickens After All

WASHINGTON, DC – July 1, 2014 – Contrary to popular belief, the foodborne pathogen Campylobacter jejuni is not a harmless commensal in chickens but can cause disease in some breeds of poultry according to research published in mBio®, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

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Sharpening a Test for Tracing Food-borne Illness to Source

WASHINGTON, DC – June 23, 2014 – Research from the University of Melbourne, Australia, could make it easier for public health investigators to determine if a case of food poisoning is an isolated incident or part of a larger outbreak. The findings are published ahead of print in the Journal of Bacteriology.

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Bacterial Colonies Evolve Amazing Diversity

WASHINGTON, DC – June 30, 2014 – Like human societies--think New York City--bacterial colonies have immense diversity among their inhabitants, often generated in the absence of specific selection pressures, according to a paper published ahead of print in the Journal of Bacteriology.

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Evolution of Equine Influenza Led to Canine Offshoot Which Could Mix With Human Influenza

WASHINGTON, DC – June 19, 2014 – Equine influenza viruses from the early 2000s can easily infect the respiratory tracts of dogs, while those from the 1960s are only barely able to, according to research published ahead of print in the Journal of Virology. The research also suggests that canine and human influenza viruses can mix, and generate new influenza viruses.

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