Dates: b. 1871; worked in 1890 and 1900's; d. 1947
Locations: Water Bacteriologist, Rockville Center Brooklyn Health Dept. (1896‑1897); Mount Prospect Laboratory, City of Brooklyn (1898); Director, Bacteriological Laboratory, Boston Board of Health (1898‑1905); Minnesota State Board of Health Laboratories; Assist. Prof. Bact., University of Minnesota (1905‑1912?); Director, Institute for Public Health, Chief Div. of Epidemiology, Prof. of Pub. Health, London Ontario (1910's)
Training: M.B.; MD from Toronto; D.P.H.
Fields: public health; water; medical; BACT‑NOM; biology
Publications: "Report of the Rockville Center Laboratory...on the Investigation of the Brooklyn Water Supply," (1897); "The Epidemiological Diagnosis and Treatment of Typhoid Outbreaks," American Journal of Public Hygiene 19 (1909): 289; with Kenelm Winslow, The Production and Handling of Clean Milk, Including Practical Milk Inspection (New York: W.R. Jenkins Co., 1909); "Non‑Relation of Natural Ice to Typhoid Fever and Dysentery," (1910); Sanitation for Public Health Nurses (New York: Macmillan, 1919); The New Public Health (New York: Macmillan, 1916‑1920); The New Hygiene for Schools of Nursing, Normal Schools, and Colleges (New York: Macmillan Co., 1924); Measles: Care of Patients and Prevention (Chicago: American Medical Association, 1928)
SAB Involvement: Charter member SAB; member SAB Comm. Working Organization 1903; Member SAB Council 1909; Chair of the Comm. on Laboratories of the APHA; session organizer for sanitary bacteriology, Montreal 1913‑1914;
Archive Files: Arnold H. Eggerth, The History of the Hoagland Laboratory (Brooklyn, 1960)
At Mt. Prospect, Hill studied the sanitary condition of the water supply in Brooklyn. This was an extension of the job Hill held under Wilson at the Bur. of Pathology, Bacteriology and Disinfection. He made daily chemical and bacteriological examinations of the city's water.
Director of Boston City Lab. and leader of Bug Club. Described method of hanging block culture method for studying growth and cell division of individual bacteria. Appointed director of laboratory in 1898 and left in 1905.
At the 1901 meeting of the SAB, Hill presented two papers which did not appear in the program, but did appear in the printed abstracts: "Branching in Bacteria, with Special Reference to B. Diphtheriae," in which he declared the problem to be "of fundamental importance, theoretical and, in its relation to diagnostic work, practical"; "'Hanging Block' Preparation for Microscopic Observation of Developing Bacteria," a purely technical paper. At the 1902 meeting, he presented a similar discussion, not appearing on the Program, on a "Preliminary Note on Chromogenic Cultures of B. diphtheriae." At the 1904 meeting of the SAB, Hill suggested some "Introductory Remarks on Morphology of Bacteria," which was read by Rickards. He also demonstrated a "Porous Top for Petri Dishes," described "Staining Bacterial Fields under Microscopic Observation," and a "method for Obtaining Smears for Flagella Staining."
At the 1908 meeting, Hill presented a provocative paper discussing "Bacteriology as an Important Non‑Technical Study." This was a plea for bacteriology as biology, using it to demonstrate principles of sociology, hygienic living, and natural history.
At the 1913 SAB meeting, Hill organized the session on "Sanitary Bacteriology ‑‑ Including Water and Dairy Bacteriology."
He is best remembered for his involvement in developing the Journal of the American Public Health Association.