Dates: b. 1851; 1885 to the US and NYC; 1904 to RIMR; d. 1920
Locations: Practicing Physician, NYC (late 1890s); Physiologist and Member, Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (1904‑1920)
Training: MD in Germany under Helmholtz, Du Bois‑Reymond, and Hugo Kronecker
SAB Involvement: Charter SAB member (present 1900, 1902 meetings); resigned SAB 1917; Founder of NY Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine; Founder of Society for Clinical Investigation
Archives Files: Nat. Cyc. American Biog. 15, 1916; DSB
Meltzer was over 50 when appointed to the RIMR. He was trained initially as a physiologist, and was appointed the first of that title. He was trained in Germany, and left the country because of his being a Jew. He was, according to Corner the epitome of the effort to combine laboratory work and medical practice. His Soc. for Clin. Invest. was called the Young Terms. Meltzer studied the effect of adrenaline. He also had an odd notion of "factors of safety" or the general biological law of adaptation of the organism to environmental stress.
At the 1900 meeting of the SAB, he presented "A Few Experimental Data on Hypodermic Injections," which was discussed by Sedgwick and Park. At the 1908 SAB meeting, Meltzer discussed the "Mechanical Destruction of Tetanus Toxin."