The Zika ThreatASM Acts to Counter Zika Virus Outbreak.
Dates: b. 1860; 1890's; d. 1922
Locations: Bacteriologist for the Massachusetts Board of Health; Prof. General Pathology, Bacteriology and Hygiene, and Director, Carnegie Laboratory Bellevue and New York University Medical College (1890's 1900's)
Training: PhB School of Mines, Columbia 1880; MD Harvard 1888; at Hygienic Institute in Berlin under Koch; and Hamburg
Fields: medical; water; sanitation
Publications: "The Bacteriological Examination of the Recent Cases of Epidemic Cholera in the City of New York," Am. Journal of Medical Science n.s. 105 (Jan. 1893): 72 77; Park and Dunham, "A Clinical and Bacteriological Study of a Number of Outbreaks of Disease Due to the Dysentery Bacillus of Shiga," New York Univ. Bull. Med. Sci. 2 (Oct. 1902): 166 187.
SAB Involvement: Charter SAB member; SAB Council Member 1901; member SAB Comm. on Publication 1903 1904;
Archives Files: Nat. Cyc. American Biog. 30, 1943
In Winslow's 40th anniversary address, he described Dunham as one of New York City's elite, "wise counselor to many."
Dunham worked closely with Biggs during the cholera scare in 1892, and his descriptions of the cases represented the most modern methods of the day. At the Carnegie, Dunham extended Prudden and Park's studies on electrolyzed sea water to determine its effect on the Spirillum asiaticae, and with Beebe and Biggs, evaluated the effectiveness of sulfurous acid gas as a disinfectant.
At the 1902 SAB meeting, he presented on "The Influence of Physical Conditions on the Character of Colonies on Gelatin Plates: A Preliminary Communication," in which he describes the profound influence in the "stiffness" of gelatin. He concludes, that "the physical properties of gelatin and temperature of incubation should receive fully as much attention as the ingredients and reaction in the standardization and use of gelatin, particularly when employed for plating with reference to species." The paper was discussed by Sedgwick and Conn.