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This timeline of important Society landmarks was prepared as a reference document to help with preparations in the years leading up to the Society's Centennial in 1999, at which point it was discontinued. 

 

1899

First meeting, in conjunction w/ meeting of American Society of Naturalists, in New Haven

 

1900

Dues established at $1.00

 

First Honorary Members: George M. Sternberg, T. Mitchell Prudden

 

1901

Dues raised to $1.50

 

1902

Membership limit set at 100 (Constitutional Amendment)

 

Affiliation w/ American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) ratified

 

1903

Committee on Classification established [inferred], (F.D. Chester, Chair)

 

1905

Membership limit set at 125 (Constitutional Amendment)

 

1907

First Descriptive Chart (prepared by F.D. Chester, F.P. Gorham, E.F. Smith) approved for distribution

 

1909

Membership limit set at 150 (Constitutional Amendment)

 

Class of Corresponding Members established (Constitutional Amendment)

 

1910

Resolution passed that, "while the purpose of the Society is primarily for the advancement of microbiology as a pure science, this must not be interpreted as excluding papers of applied microbiology..."

 

1911

Membership limit is now 200

 

At annual meeting, first grouping of papers into "sessions" (precursor of divisional structure)

 

1913

Limit on number of members ended.

 

1915

Decision to publish a journal.

 

1916

Journal of Bacteriology appears, edited by C.-E. A Winslow. Dues raised to $5, with $4 for Journal

 

Editors' terms established at 5 years (Constitutional Amendment)

 

Membership requirements liberalized (no longer "persons who have conducted and published original research")

 

1917

Abstracts of Bacteriology appears (A. Parker Hitchens, editor)

 

Local Branches authorized (Constitutional Amendment); first three accepted are Urbana, New Haven (later Connecticut Valley) and Washington, D.C. A New York City Branch was also in existence until around 1924 (re-established in 1934)

 

Committee on Classification (C.-E. A.Winslow, Chair) proposes preliminary system

 

Committee appointed (M.J. Rosenau, chair) to cooperate with the National Research Council so that "the Secretary of the Society should be able to keep in close touch with the needs of the government [during the War] in regard to the services of bacteriologists."

 

1919

Committee on Bacteriological Technic (H.J. Conn, Chairman) replaces Committee on the Descriptive Chart

 

Employment Bureau proposed

 

Society incorporated in Indiana

 

First Director of Local Branches appointed (J.W.M. Bunker)

 

1920

First major Constitutional revision.

 

New Branch: Philadelphia (later Eastern Pennsylvania)

 

1921

Life and Sustaining membership categories established (Constitutional Amendment). Sustaining member dues are $50.

 

Bergey submits draft of Manual; committee established to work on it

 

Employment Bureau established

 

Committee on the Teaching of Bacteriology appointed (David Bergey, Chair)

 

Army Medical Museum accepts the Winslow Culture Collection, which will be cared for by Washington branch members. Collection will be known as "Collection of Type Cultures of the Society of American Bacteriologists" Eventually becomes AAmerican Type Culture Collection

 

Funds appropriated for support of a research fellowship in pure bacteriology ($100 per month)

 

New Branch: Central New York

 

1922

First sustaining members join

 

H.J. Conn is SAB representative to Commission on Standardization of Biological Stains

 

Manual of Methods (loose-leaf) appears

 

Report from Bergey's Committee on Determinative Bacteriology recommends that Society publish and accept royalties from the Manual

 

First division of Annual Meeting program (partially) into two concurrent sections (Agricultural/Industrial; Human and Animal Pathology and Immunology)

 

Research Fellowship (see 1921) awarded to Miss Ellen Armstrong, who, however, accepted another position. Committee on Fellowship discharged

 

1923

Bergey's 1st edition

 

Breed, Novy, and Paul F. Clark represent Society at Pasteur Centennial in Paris and Strasbourg

 

Council votes to establish monographic series, create position of editor of monographs (Buchanan). Expenses, risks to be assumed by publisher; Society to receive any profits

1924

Policy adopted that expenses of future meetings be borne by a registration fee to be paid by all members attending

 

Committee on Teaching of Bacteriology dissolved

1925

Abstracts of Bacteriology discontinued (becomes part of Biological Abstracts)

 

Program Committee established

 

Society begins financial support of ATCC

 

First SAB monograph, General Systematic Bacteriology, by Buchanan, is published by Williams & Wilkins

 

1926

Dues raised to $7 (per minutes of 1925 mtg, 1-IVA, Folder 7. Ledger for 1928 has level  of $7.50)

 

1930

Buchanan and Alice Evans represent Society at the First International Microbiological Congress in Paris and International Botanical Congress in Cambridge

 

Second SAB monograph, A Compilation of Culture Media (Levine & Schoenlein) published by W&W; contract between authors & W&W has SAB sharing in any royalties

 

1932

Pure Culture Study of Bacteria appears. This journal, compiled and edited by the Committee on Bacteriological Technique (published by Biotech Publications beginning in 1939 in Geneva, NY), replaces the loose-leaf continuation service for the Manual of Methods.... It runs until 1950

 

Establishment of "Permanent Fund" ($20,000 invested in U.S. Gov't Bonds)

 

1933

Hucker Committee appointed "to look into the practices of the Society."

 

Office of Advisor to Local Branches established (H.J. Conn). But see also 1919

 

New Branch: Central Pennsylvania

 

1934

Report of the Hucker Committee on Policies and Procedures:

 

--Council expanded to include Branch Representatives

 

--Position of Archivist proposed

 

--Newsletter proposed

 

Constitutional revision committee appointed; Winslow is chair

 

New York City Branch re-established

 

1935

Newsletter of the SAB first sent to members

 

Archives Committee established

 

Council votes to turn over Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, along with unexpended royalties, to Bergey, to administer as he sees fit

 

New Branches: Eastern New York, Illinois, Indiana, North Central, and Northern California-Hawaii

 

1936

First Eli Lilly Award

 

Second International Congress (London); Buchanan represents the Society

 

Local Branch abstracts begin to appear in JB

 

New Branches: Michigan, Southern California. Maryland Society of Bacteriologists (1931) becomes branch of SAB

 

Constitutional revision (nothing major)

 

1937

Bacteriological Reviews appears

 

Cumulative index of JB by Stanhope Bayne-Jones is published

 

The Leeuwenhoek Letter (translation by Cohen) published by Society and W&W

 

Society becomes national group sponsor for 1939 International Congress of Microbiology, to be held in New York

 

At Buchanan's request, position of editor of monographs is abolished

 

New Branch: Ohio

 

1938

Bergey's Manual Trust established; Society no longer associated w/ publication of Manual

 

Alice in Virusland (Paul F. Clark's Presidential Address) published at the direction of the Council

 

New Branches: Eastern Missouri (later Missouri), Missouri Valley

 

1939

Council establishes status of "Retired" member

 

Committee on Monographs appointed (Barnett Cohen, chair). Recommends establishment of Publications Board

 

Hitchens becomes editor of Microbiology Section of Biological Abstracts; Society guarantees $2500 per year in member subscriptions

 

First Book Reviews appear in Newsletter

 

Biotech Publications established by Conn to publish Manual of Methods, descriptive chart

 

Annual Meeting in New Haven (40th Anniversary): seven living charter members honored; first history round table

 

Third International Congress in New York; Henrici represents Society

 

President Henrici appoints committee (Rosenau, Chair) to explore certification of public

 

1940

Committee on Teaching established (becomes Committee on Teaching in 1951)

 

Membership Committee appointed

 

Proposed constitutional revision organizes Society into Sections and Divisions, not just Sections

 

Committee on Certification of Bacteriologists report recommends that no certifying board be established at this time, but that if any organization should indicate its intentions to establish qualifications for medical bacteriologists, Council would take action

 

New Branch: Kentucky (later Kentucky-Tennessee)

 

1941

Publications Board established (Constitutional Amendment)

 

Buchanan again appointed editor of monographs

 

New Branches: New Jersey (Theobald Smith Society), Texas

 

1942

War Committee appointed

 

Annual Meeting cancelled due to travel restrictions

 

Sub-committee on Use of Motion Pictures in Teaching established

 

Request from R.G. Leland of AMA Committee on Medical preparedness that SAB "study the qualifications of physicians now engaged in the practice of bacteriology." Society declines.

 

At this point, there is a Committee on Certification

 

New Branch: Virginia

 

1943

No meeting scheduled

 

1944

Winslow resigns as editor-in-chief of JB

 

Buchanan resigns as editor of monographs

 

1945

Meeting cancelled due to travel restrictions

 

Society for General Microbiology founded in England

 

"Handbook of Descriptions of Specialized Fields in Bacteriology" published by government w/ help from War Committee

 

Council authorizes President and Secretary/Treasurer to represent the Society at hearings on bills before Congress re establishment of National Science or National Research Boards

 

New Branch: Northwest

 

1946

Committee on Science Legislation appointed

 

Constitutional Revision approved by Council, Sent to members:

 

--Add emeritus members

 

--Archives given constitutional mandate

 

--CPC established

 

Financial Advisory Committee appointed

 

Annual Meeting Finance Committee established; will handle all receipts/disbursements for Annual Meeting. National Society responsible for deficits, takes any profits

 

1947

Committee on Certification of Public Health personnel reconstituted and enlarged as Committee on Classification and Problems of personnel (S.R. Damon, chair)

 

President, Secretary/Treasurer represent Society at Interscience Conference on Science Legislation (sponsored by AAAS)

 

Society distributes (w/ April Newsletter) War Dept. survey re training, experience, salary of bacteriologists

 

Annual Meeting:

 

--First Annual Lecture (Ludwig Hektoen Lecture, by Talliaferro)

 

--"Incubator" first appears (through 1973)

 

Society Incorporated in Washington D.C., March 25

 

Fourth International Congress held in Denmark; Breed and ? represent Society

 

First title in "Microbiological Monographs" series appears: Experimental Air-borne Infection (Rosebury)

 

Resolution on Biological Warfare proposed (by S. Mudd) at Annual Meeting. Committee formed to examine the issue (see Baldwin files, 13 II AT, Folder 23)

 

New Branches: Intermountain, North Carolina, South Central, Southeastern

 

1948

American Institute of Biological Sciences founded -- SAB is charter member society

 

Abstracts of Annual Meeting no longer appear in JB. Now distributed to registered attendees, available to others for $1

 

Local Branch abstracts no longer appear in JB

 

System of support for Biological Abstracts discontinued [new system?]

 

New Branches: Allegheny, North East, Rio de Janeiro (later dissolved )

 

1949

Committee on Teaching Survey on Graduate and Undergraduate Teaching of Microbiology

 

Damon Committee (1947) appoints Sub-committee on Certification and Problems of Personnel (Francis/Syverton committee)

 

Society for Industrial Microbiology organized

 

1950

Golden Jubilee meeting; Barnett Cohen's Chronicles of the SAB printed and distributed to members by Williams and Wilkins

 

Francis subcommittee (see 1949) proposes American Institute of Microbiology, w/ specialty board for certification of medical personnel, and other specialty boards to be added as need arises

 

Dues increased to $9, of which $8 shall be for subscriptions for JB and BR

 

Society grants $250 to assist in start-up of International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy, official organ of Judicial Commission and IAM's International Committee on Bacteriological Nomenclature. Becomes IJSB, and Society takes over publication in 1970

 

Fifth International Congress in Rio; Stuart Mudd represents SAB

 

Commercial Solvents Award authorized (discontinued 1954)

 

National Science Foundation established; Interscience Committee on Science Legislation (AAAS) dissolved

 

Revised Publication agreement with Williams and Wilkins

 

Society authorizes $5000 for clerical support for Secretary/Treasurer; at resignation of Blair, Williams and Wilkins offers to provide business management service

 

1951

Decision to begin accumulating money to support full-time Executive Secretary

 

Defense Research Information Service, a "central clearinghouse established through the central office of the SAB [i.e., W&W] to bring microbiologists and interested agencies together in an unofficial but effective way.”

 

constitution and by-laws of proposed American Institute of Microbiology.

 

New Branch: Colorado-Wyoming (later Rocky Mountain)

 

Subcommittee on Certification and Problems of Personnel report includes draft

 

1952

SAB membership votes to approve proposed American Board of Medical Microbiology. AMA House of Delegates votes not to approve.

 

Society membership in American Institute for Biological Sciences not renewed

 

Relationship with International Association of Microbiologists formalized

 

Fourth Division (Bacterial Physiology) added; divisional representatives serve as invited members of Council

 

Problem of publication of Local Branch Abstracts constantly addressed

 

Committee on Curricula proposes guidelines for accreditation of UG and Master's programs in bacteriology

 

Committee on Certification and Problems of Personnel reconstituted (Spaulding, Chair); will address certification of non-(quasi)medical microbiologists while Francis- Syverton Committee continues negotiations with AMA

 

1953

Applied Microbiology first appears

 

Sixth International Congress, Rome; Mudd represents Society (?); International Association of Microbiologists becomes International Association of M Microbiological Societies

 

Second Cumulative index to JB, prepared by J.R. Porter

 

[date approximate]: Committee on Monographs disbands, position of editor of monographs disappears

 

New Branch: South Florida (Florida in 1984; see Archives inventory 7-IIC, Folder 7), Mexico (approved by Council: doesn't function until 1960)

 

1954

Northern California-Hawaii Branch resolves that 1956 Annual Meeting should not be held in Houston because of possibility of racial discrimination against some members. Council votes to hold meeting in Houston

 

Society is notified by Treasury Dept. that it has never applied for tax-exempt status. Application made, denied, appealed. Taxes paid for years 1947 (date of D.C. incorporation) through 1953 pending appeal.

 

Spaulding Committee proposes SAB-administered "Board of Medical and Public Health Microbiology"

 

Pamphlet "Careers in Bacteriology" prepared by Public Relations Committee; updates pamphlet prepared by L.W. Parr (date and copy unavailable)

 

Sustaining Member dues now $75

 

Public Health Division established (see also 1956, 1958, 1997)

 

1955

Francis-Syverton and Spaulding Committees recommend creation of "college" comprised of senior SAB members to establish certifying boards and engage in professional activities. New Committee of Twenty appointed to present recommendations for its creation. (Halvorson implies this was in 1954: see ASM News 33:4, p.16)

 

American Academy of Microbiology incorporated

 

Committee appointed to advise Chemical Corps on microbiological questions

 

President's Fellowships instituted (funded by Difco.)

 

Public Health "Group" (Division) established on trial basis

 

Dues increase from $9 to $12

 

1956

Committee of Twenty proposes Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws of American Academy of Microbiology to membership for approval. Approved; first meeting of BOG May 3. Election and certification committees established

 

Committee on Taxonomy appointed

 

Committee on International Geophysical Year appointed; member R.H. McBee spends three months in Antarctica

 

Public Health Division given two years to show sufficient support to justify divisional status

1957

Secretary/Treasurer duties split

 

SAB Newsletter becomes Bacteriological News

 

Society applies for affiliate membership in AIBS

 

First Office of Naval Research lecture delivered at Annual meeting

 

Tax-status appeal leads to granting of 501(c)(6) status

 

Manual of Methods of Pure Culture Study of Bacteria becomes Manual of Microbiological Methods; published by McGraw-Hill, not Biotech; as bound volume, not loose-leaf

 

Society approves one-time assessment of $.50 per member to support travel to 7th

 

ad hoc Committee on Future Plans of the Society appointed (J.R. Porter, Chair).Will deal primarily w/ publication issues

 

Limit placed on number of papers at Annual Meeting (400)

 

AAM establishes Legislation Committee

 

New Branch: Puerto Rico

1958

Approval of resolution to establish Business office. Office will handle all business currently conducted under Managerial Services contract w/ Williams and Wilkins; publish Bacteriological News; assist local committees in arranging Meeting; Annual Meeting, including sale of exhibit space; operate employment bureau

 

Constitutional revision: terms of officers and committees begin shortly after Annual Meeting; chair of Publications Board replaces editor of JB on CPC

 

Committee on Education appointed (L.S. McClung, Chair)

 

Motion passed that Council consider changing name of Society to Society of American Microbiologists and of JB to Journal of Microbiology

 

Committee on Monographs re-established (Luria, chair)

 

7th International Congress held in Stockholm. S. Mudd, J.R. Porter, Secretary Foster and Harry Eagle represent Society

 

Academy establishes American Board of Microbiology and Council on Education and Laboratories; Nominating Committee appointed

 

Public Health Division terminated

 

1959

HQ established in Detroit. Ray Sarber hired as Executive Secretary

 

Membership cards issued

 

Council votes against name changes for Society and JB

 

Journal options first offered to members

 

Constitutional changes: membership requires BS or equivalent in training; student membership established; Secretary and Membership Committee approve new members (no longer Council); Program Committee chair and vice-chair term specifications moved to bylaws

 

1960

Society name change approved: becomes effective 12/27 (name change for JB defeated)

 

First meeting of American Board of Microbiology

 

JB to accept notices of academic vacancies

 

Committee on Monographs discharged

 

Archives deposited in Lilly Library at Indiana University

 

Division of Virology created (separates from Medical Bacteriology, Immunology and Virology)

 

Dues increase to $15 (Sustaining Members to $100) to enable enlargement of JB & AM

 

First photo appears in Bacteriological News

 

Special issue of American Biology Teacher sponsored by Society

 

National Registry of Microbiologists established

 

Committee on Interscience Conferences

 

First survey of colleges and universities offering degrees in bacteriology or microbiology

 

First Handbook for the Society written by E.M. Foster

1961

First ICAAC; proceedings published as Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy--1961

 

Editorial Office established; Robert Day hired as Managing Editor of Publications

 

AAM establishes Committee on Postdoctoral Programs for Public Health and Medical Laboratory Microbiology (CPEP) and Civil Service Standards Committee (both are subcommittees of Council on Education and Laboratories)

 

Page charges initiated in JB and AM

 

HQ to handle rental/sales of scientific films

 

Society hires professional financial counsel (Brundage, Story & Rose)

 

Society sponsors (w/ ONR) Symposium on Marine Microbiology

 

New Branch: Arizona

1962

8th International Congress in Montreal; H.R. Cox, Lederberg & Secretary Gerhardt to represent Society

 

Headquarters moves to Ann Arbor in own building

 

Financial structure of annual meeting reorganized

 

CPEP replaces Council on Education and Laboratories; sponsors first conference on post-doctoral education;

 

AAM Latin American Fellows Program begun

1963

Bacteriological News becomes ASM News

 

First Foundation for Microbiology Lectures

 

Branch Rebate program initiated

 

ABM establishes Ethics Committee

 

Eastern Missouri branch expands to include entire state, becomes Missouri branch. Missouri Valley branch now smaller

 

1964

Society acquires full publishing responsibility for publications program from Williams and Wilkins

 

Dedication of new ATCC Building during Annual Meeting

 

History of Microbiology Conference at Indiana

 

American Board of Microbiology establishes certification program for microbiologists in medical and public health fields

 

Latin American Visiting Professor Committee organized by AAM

 

First programs are approved by CPEP (Centers for Disease Control and University of Washington)

 

1965

First New Brunswick lecture

 

Constitutional revision: membership to require BS in microbiology or related field; corresponding membership deleted; bylaw re disposition of assets moved to Constitution

 

ICAAC held with 4th International Congress of Chemotherapy; co-sponsor is International Society of Chemotherapy, with cooperation of Infectious Disease Society of American

 

First post-"grandfather" certification by ABM

 

Proposal put forth for "full-time, employed, elected Secretary;" rescinded in 1967

 

New Branch: Hawaii (leaves Northern California-Hawaii)

 

1966

Joint Committee of ASM and AAM appointed to evaluate future plans for the two bodies (see 1967, 1968)

 

Meetings Board established (Constitutional Amendment)

 

Committee on International Activities

 

9th International Congress, Moscow: Sarles, Porter and Housewright represent ASM

 

New Branches: New Mexico (leaves Rocky Mountain), South Carolina

 

1967

Journal of Virology begins; journal options proliferate

 

Joint Committee (see 1966) proposes combining headquarters operations for ASM and AAM; relocating HQ to D.C.; hiring Executive Director. Approved by Council and BOG

 

Publications Office moves to Bethesda

 

Publications Board establishes policy that "ASM publications overall shall be budgeted so as to pay their own way."

 

Motion to discharge Committee Advisory to Ft. Detrick defeated. Discussion continues into 1968

 

NRM begins to publish The Loop

 

1968

First Executive Director hired (Asger Langlykke)

 

Headquarters moves to D.C.: 1913 I St. purchased; Academy operations also move to I St., following death of AAM Secretary G.I. Wallace

 

Joint Committee of ASM-AAM recommends merger of the two bodies. Will require Constitutional revision (see 1970)

 

American Board of Microbiology becomes American Board of Medical Microbiology (ABMM)

 

AAM Committee on Laboratory Standards created (see also 1973)

 

First Carski Award

 

JV, AM now published monthly

 

New dues/subscription plan: $15 minimum dues includes one journal subscription

 

Mail vote affirms motion to dissolve Detrick Committee

 

Detrick Committee proposes establishment of Public Policy Committee; Council declines

 

Education Committee revises, publishes "Microbiology" issue of American Biology Teacher (see 1960)

 

1969

National Registry Committee establishes certification for Specialists in Public Health and Medical Laboratory Microbiology

 

Harlow Hall Fund Award established by A&I Division

 

First statistical survey of membership

 

ad hoc Joint Training and Education Committee (Baldwin, chair) appointed

 

1970

Infection and Immunity appears

 

Xth International Congress, Mexico City: Robert Hungate represents Society. Resolution on Biological Warfare accepted by Council. Hungate, Shay, Porter meet informally w/ Soviet scientists

 

Constitutional revision: Academy becomes part of Society (AAM, Inc., Delaware corporation, dissolved); ICAAC Committee established; several changes in Council and CPC membership

 

Joint meetings of ICAAC and IDSA approved

 

New Committees: Environmental Microbiology; Status of Women; Information Science

 

Fiscal year shifted to July-to-June

 

Life Insurance plan for members initiated

 

Council approves Articles of Incorporation for ASM Foundation, Inc.; approved as 501(c)(3) by IRS in 1971

 

Manual of Clinical Microbiology published by Society

 

Report of ad hoc Joint Committee (see 1969) proposes establishment of Board of Education and Training: L. Joe Berry chairs committee to evaluate report

 

Request for establishment of student chapter at Clemson leads to bylaw changes in 1971 permitting student chapters (First one is at Clemson.)

 

1971

Board of Education and Training established. ABMM, NRM, CPEP and Committee on Guidance for Training in Microbiology all become affiliated w/ BET

 

International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology taken over by Society

 

CPC approves moving Publications Office from Bethesda to HQ

 

Constitutional revision: add BET chair to CPC; amendment process; term of office of president; member nominations for officers

 

ad hoc Committee on Clinical Microbiology (G.M. Needham, chair) appointed; reports in 1972

 

Agricultural and Industrial Division becomes Environmental and Applied Microbiology

 

Latin American Professorship Program initiated by AAM, funded by Foundation for Microbiology

 

Minimum dues now $20

 

ASM News begins accepting ads

 

Bacteriological Proceedings begins using author-prepared copy; title changes to Abstracts of the Annual Meeting of the ASM in 1972; will no longer be distributed free to members

 

CPC rescinds policy that "publications overall be budgeted to pay their own way;" Purpose is to avoid excess (taxable) profits from ad revenue

 

Diamond Jubilee Committee appointed

 

ONR Lecture now ASM Lecture

 

New Branch: Western New York

 

1972

ASM News becomes monthly publication; first yearly index appears in December issue. First classified employment ads appear in January. Non-member subscriptions offered

 

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy begins as journal. ICAAC abstracts published separately

 

Waksman Fellowships for Graduate Education established

 

Pasteur Sesquicentennial at Tulane, co-sponsored by Society

 

ad hoc Committee on ASM Organizational Structure proposes new and expanded divisional structure. Tentative list of Divisions sent out w/ membership renewals; divisions chosen by at least 150 will become established

 

ad hoc Committee on Public Affairs Policy appointed (Robert Williams, Chair)

 

Civil Service Standards Committee of AAM created, replaces similar committee of ABMM

 

Sustaining Member dues increased from $150 to $300

 

Council approves expansion of Foundation Lecture Program to allow for up to two lecturers per branch per year

 

1973

Publications Office takes over handling of nonmember subscriptions to all journals (previously done by W&W for all except AAC, IJSB & ASM News)

 

Conference Committee established

 

Public Affairs Committee established

 

Incubator discontinued

 

ad hoc Committee to study future of Academy, relation to ASM (Rasmussen, Chair)

 

NRM establishes certification in Food, Dairy and Sanitation Microbiology

 

Laboratory Standards Committee (see 1968) becomes ASM Committee

 

First BET Workshops at Annual Meeting

 

Advisory Committee on Culture Collections established

 

1974

First ASM-sponsored Conference, "Extrachromosomal Elements in Bacteria."

 

Fifteen new Divisions established, officers elected

 

Acker replaces Langlykke as Executive Director

 

Page charges in journals suspended

 

First Cumitech appears

 

Diamond Jubilee: ASM News includes Sustaining Member, Journal and Branch histories; New Society logo appears on medallion honoring 75th anniversary

 

Microbiology-1974: First in a projected series featuring symposia proceedings (ASM and non-ASM)

 

ASM Bookstore initiated: selected reviewed books from ASM News offered to members at discount

 

NSF travel/admin grant to ASM for US/USSR Joint Working Group on Production of Substances by Microbiological Means

 

Meetings Department established under office of Executive Secretary

 

Appointment of Steering Committee to establish American Board of Immunology (Erwin Neter, Chair)

 

New Branch: West Germany

 

1975

Journal of Clinical Microbiology

 

Wyeth Award (becomes Becton-Dickinson in 1978)

 

Forty-Year Club established

 

Placement Committee establishes separate rosters for women and minority applicants

 

ASM Bookstore discontinued

 

Special issues of ASM News: Education & Training (March); Publications (July)

 

IRS approves change from 501(c)(6) to (c)(3) status, provided two amendments to constitution are adopted

 

Committee appointed to clarify relations between Academy and ASM (particularly re BET), Robert Hungate, chair

 

1976

Dues increase to $28: $21 of that is Journal credit, $3 for membership, $4 for ASM

 

Applied Microbiology becomes Applied and Environmental Microbiology

 

Mycoplasmology Division activated

 

Membership reaches 25,000

 

First poster sessions at Annual Meeting (ICAAC follows suit in 1977)

 

Lilly Award age limit changes from 35 to 40; award increased from $1000 to $2000

 

American Board of Medical Laboratory Immunology (ABMLI) established

 

Academy by-laws revised (Hungate Committee); changes in effect 1977, including transfer of Latin American Professorship Program to BET

 

Clinical Microbiology and Medical Mycology Divisions split off to form Division Group V

 

1977

New Constitution establishes AAM on equal basis w/ other boards

 

Fisher Scientific Company Award for Applied and Environmental Microbiology

 

Branch Rebate program ended

 

Fiscal year switched to Jan-Dec. (six-month budget necessitated for July-Dec, 1976)

 

ASM Foundation, Inc. dissolved (no longer needed after tax-status decision of 1975); replaced by Foundation Committee

 

Manuscript handling fee instituted ($35)

 

Society adopts resolution concerning regulation of recombinant DNA

 

Wyeth Award becomes Becton-Dickinson Award

 

First ASM Congressional Scientific Fellowship awarded

 

US/USSR Joint Working Group on Production of Substances by Microbiological Means holds three conferences, publishes proceedings

 

BET establishes Evaluation of Continuing Education Programs (ECEP) to qualify competent programs to award Continuing Education Units

 

ASM is approved by Liaison Committee on Continuing Medical Education as sponsor of continuing education programs (status unaffected by AMA's withdrawal from LCCME in 1979)

 

Latin American Professorship Program transferred from AAM to BET

 

PB and CPC agree that Society will not publish "conventional textbooks"

 

1978

Bacteriological Reviews becomes Microbiological Reviews

 

Movement to hold meetings only in states which have ratified Equal Rights Amendment; Council establishes policy concerning action on "social, moral and political issues.”

 

Archives book collection moves from Lilly Library, Indiana University to Kuhn Library, University of Maryland Baltimore County

 

First Graduate Student Travel Grants to Annual Meeting (through Foundation Committee)

 

With new copyright law, authors must now assign copyright to ASM

 

BET seeks to establish Education Division; Meetings Board agrees to 3 trial paper sessions at 1979 Annual Meeting

 

Continuing Education programs, conferences accredited by Liaison Committee on Continuing Medical Education

 

ASM and American Society for Clinical Pathology form Joint Liaison Committee on Continuing Education

 

Movement to establish Board of Scientific Services

 

Mailing surcharge instituted for foreign member subscriptions

 

First Becton-Dickinson Award (formerly Wyeth)

 

1979

Public and Scientific Affairs Board established

 

Manuscript handling fee abolished

 

ICAAC holds joint meeting with International Congress of Chemotherapy

 

ASM contracts w/ NIAID to undertake extensive manpower survey of all members; results in ASM News, 1982

 

Annual Meeting is in two parts: in L.A. for first section, in Honolulu for U.S.-Japan Intersociety Microbiology Congress

 

First ABMLI exam

 

Search committee appointed to investigate new headquarters building

 

Mexico and Rio de Janeiro branches dissolved

 

1980

ABMM, NRM initiate recertification programs

 

CPC approves proposal for new building for Headquarters (1819 L. ST.)

 

Virology Division splits into DNA Animal Viruses (S) and RNA Animal Viruses (T)

 

ASM files amicus curiae brief before Supreme Court in Chakrabarty case (patentability of genetically-engineered organisms)

 

Minority Predoctoral Fellowships established (funded by Foundation for Microbiology)

 

Wellcome Visiting Professorship Program initiated

 

Bylaws Changes: sunset committee; Council must formally approve new main activities; inclusion of PSAB; officers will supervise non-Board-related committees; half of Nominating Committee members must be elected Council Members

 

Petition approved for Nosocomial Infections Division

 

ASM disaffiliates from AIBS

 

1981

Dues increase, from $28 to $45; Journal credit increased to $38

 

Due to high interest rates, plan to build new HQ building at 1819 L St. abandoned.

 

IAMS becomes International Union of Microbiological Societies

 

Report of ad hoc committee on branches (Sunset Committee) recommends bylaw changes: establish Branch Organization Committee; set formal rules for branch self-governance; criteria for dissolution of branches

 

Report of ad hoc committee on ASM NEWS: editorial Board recommended, as well as publication of review articles

 

Molecular and Cellular Biology appears

 

PB discusses new journal on Viral Pathogenesis (decides in 1983 not to undertake this), decides not to publish Dictionary of Microbiology

 

Elesec (BET Committee on Elementary and Secondary Education) first published

 

Councilors' Colloquia (divisional miniconferences) tried at Annual Meeting

 

Housewright replaces Acker as Executive Director; Sarber becomes Executive Secretary Emeritus

 

Petition approved for Bacteriophage Biology Division (M)

 

ABMM/ABMLI diplomate caucus holds organizational meeting

 

Exploratory meeting held by virologists to examine establishing virology association. Issue is addressed in Council by report of ad hoc Committee on Affiliation in 1982

 

NRM attains full category A membership in National Commission for Health Certifying Agencies

 

Non-book Archives material shipped to UMBC

 

1982

Byrd Press begins printing all scientific journals; Dartmouth Press begins printing ASM News

 

Due to space considerations, Office of Education and Training moves to Joseph Henry Building at NAS

 

ASM hosts XIII International Congress in Boston

 

Page charges reinstituted for JB, IAI, JCM, JV, AEM, AAC(MCB in 1983)

 

United States Federation of Culture Collections J. Roger Porter Award established

 

Hoechst-Roussel Award established

 

First commercial taping of sessions at Annual Meeting

 

ad hoc Committee on Divisions reports, includes recommendation that Divisions have equal representation with Branches in governance

 

Placement Committee discontinues separate registries for women and minorities

 

PSAB inaugurates legislative alert letters to members

 

PSAB establishes ad hoc subcommittee on the Status of Minority Microbiologists (full Committee status in 1984)

 

PSAB helps establish ad hoc Group for Medical Research Funding

 

Fermentation Division renamed Fermentation and Biotechnology

 

NRM moves to make recertification voluntary, extends period from 3 to 5 years

 

ASM Conference on Infections and Immunological Diseases of Male Homosexuals

 

1983

Dues increase to $50 ($41 for journals, $5 for ASM News, $4 for membership services)

 

Sunset Committee on Boards: recommendations include centralized publicity function; review of policy statements; updated handbooks; long-range (3-5 year) planning

 

ICAAC Young Investigator Awards established (sponsored by Merck, Sharpe and Dohme)

 

First Alice Evans Award (Comm. on Status of Women Microbiologists, PSAB)

 

All ASM Foundation monies (except those given by Foundation for Microbiology) are transferred to general ASM funds

 

Individual, non-member subscription rate added

 

Petition for Mycobacteriology Division (U) approved

 

Elesec discontinued

 

First report of ad hoc Committee on Ethics

 

NRM becomes Certification Board of National Registry of Microbiologists

 

New Branch: Alaska

 

1984

Revised report of ad hoc Committee on Ethics. CPC adopts code. Permanent committee established

 

Committee on the Status of Women Microbiologists initiates "The Communicator"

 

Society begins to accept credit cards for book purchases, meetings registration, membership

 

First Raymond W. Sarber Fellowship Awards; first Vector Young Investigator TravelAwards

 

Textbook publishing issue raised again; ad hoc committee appointed

 

Council approves common set of bylaws for divisions. Each division now to have a representative on Council; one of these representatives to serve on CPC

 

Headquarters Search Committee explores purchase of 2011 I St. After a confusing vote at March Council Mtg., special meeting held in June, and motion to purchase building is defeated

 

Sustaining member dues from $150 to $500; Student member dues from $5 to $10

 

New Divisions: Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology; Medical Immunology (name changed to Diagnostic Immunology almost immediately.) Division of Bacterial Infections and Pathogenesis name change to Pathogenesis of Bacterial Mycotic and Protozoan Infections denied after objection from Division F. New name is Microbial Pathogenesis

 

South Florida Branch becomes Florida Branch

 

Civil Service Affairs Committee moves from AAM to PSAB

 

1985

Dues increase to $57: $8 for membership services, $8 for dues, journal credit remains $41 (Increase associated w/ planned building purchase)

 

Abbott Laboratories Award in Laboratory Diagnostics

 

Behring Diagnostics Award in Clinical Virology-Rickettsiology

 

Report of AAM Sunset Committee (coupled w/ Board S.C.); recommendations include Public Relations office, establishing board of Certification

 

BET establishes core curriculum for baccalaureate programs in microbiology

 

ad hoc Committee on Public Relations established

 

Foundation Lecture program to expand to offering two lecturers/year to each branch; additional funding from ASM

 

Committee on Awards created to supervise all aspects of ASM-associated awards, and to recommend procedures for transferring this function to AAM

 

Bylaws amendments: change in procedure for nomination by petition for elective officers; procedure for handling accusations of ethics violations

 

Center for the History of Microbiology established (jointly w/ UMBC)

 

Civil Service Affairs Committee moves from AAM to PSAB

 

Ethics Committee's Ethical Review Process approved by Council

 

"Direct Line," closed-circuit TV program, is piped into hotel room TVs at Annual Meeting and ICAAC

 

1986

Issue of ASM response to needs of clinical microbiologists is raised; President Schaechter creates ad hoc Commission on Clinical Microbiology (Dowdle Commission)

 

First Gallup Survey of membership is conducted

 

ABMM revises eligibility requirements and exam procedures

 

West German Branch (founded 1974) dissolves; members become members of Association of General and Applied Microbiology

 

Division name changes: Pathogenesis of Bacterial, Mycotic and Protozoal Infections becomes Microbial Pathogenesis; Bacteriophage Biology becomes Bacteriophage

 

Due to space restrictions, Departments of Public and Scientific Affairs and Education and Professional Development move to leased space

 

Alexander Sonnenwirth Memorial Lecture established

 

First ASM Biotechnology Conference

 

Minority Student Science Career Support Program established

 

1987

Bylaws changes: division councilor terms to alternate (to achieve 50% rotation); legal liability protection provided by Society for employees and volunteers; term limit changes (Secretary and Treasurer, from 10 to 9 1/year terms; Board Chairs from 2 5/year terms to 3 3/year terms)

 

As a result of dispute between Southeastern and Florida Branches, Council sets policy for resolving inter-branch disputes. Policy revised following year

 

Canons of Ethics and Ethical Review Process revised

 

PSAB appoints task force to examine PSAB-related findings of Dowdle Commission report (see 1986)

 

Scherago-Rubin Award begun

 

1988

Page charges reduced: $55 to $35 for JV, MCB; $35 to $20 for all others

 

Clinical Microbiology Reviews appears

 

"ASM Update," pilot videocassette, is distributed to 7000 members

 

Cetus Corporation Biotechnology Research Award begun

 

First CPC Strategic Planning Sessions; Council approves Mission Statement and Strategic Goals

 

Bylaw Amendments: mail vote allowed for future amendments; ASM Foundation becomes subcommittee of Finance Committee; Biotechnology Conference established

 

Council denies petition to establish Education Division by declining to amend the Constitution to permit creation of nonscientific divisions

 

Standing committees on Divisions and Public Relations established (previously ad hoc)

 

Academy organizes first Critical Issues Workshop

 

Department of Information Management and Analysis established at Headquarters

 

ad hoc Committee on Sustaining Membership established

 

PSAB establishes Task Force on Biotechnology

 

First Education sessions at Annual Meeting (BET Committee on Annual Meeting Planning)

 

Last Behring Diagnostics Award

 

1989

New Headquarters Building at 1325 Massachusetts Ave. is purchased

 

Division V name change: from Diagnostic Immunology to Clinical and Diagnostic

 

Publications Board to allow Letters to Editor in all journals; requires all authors reporting DNA sequences of genes to get acquisition number from GenBank; votes to test CD-ROM publication of some journals; posts contents of some

 

Continued concern about service to clinical (Division C) members: see minutes, ASM

 

Annual Meeting Program, though still free to members, no longer sent without specific request

 

Academy Board of Governors retreat leads to creation of 8 ad hoc committees to examine issues facing the Academy

 

PSAB establishes State Network

 

1990

BET begins audioconference program

 

Council approves PB proposal to publish textbooks, and to pay royalties on all types of books, excluding symposium proceedings

 

New Brunswick Lecture becomes President's Forum at Annual Meeting

 

Conference Development Committee folded into Conference Committee (MB)

 

Second Gallup Survey of membership

 

ad hoc Committee on Biotechnology (this year only)

 

Book Publication Division established in Headquarters

 

1991

Dues increase to $75. $10 increase split $8 for Publications, $2 for Membership Services. Student dues to $15

 

JB published twice monthly

 

New Sustaining Member program: Gold ($1000), Silver ($5000), and Platinum ($10,000) levels of membership established

 

Annual Meeting now called General Meeting

 

Administration of all awards transferred to AAM

 

Instructions to authors for journals include requirement that authors make newly described strains, cell lines, etc. available for non-commercial purposes.

 

New procedure established for election of Councilors

 

Council of Past Presidents established

 

ASM organizes National Life Science Education Summit Conference, which leads to formation of Coalition for Life Science Education (CELS)

 

Division N name change: from Aquatic & Terrestrial to Microbial Ecology

 

Academy Newsletter revived (previously published 1957-68)

 

NRM opens certification exams to international microbiologists

 

BET reorganization proposed

 

Implementation of guidelines for industry-sponsored events at ASM meetings

 

Science Journalism Program established

 

PB declines to institute journal in Veterinary Microbiology (also 1992)

 

Fisher Award (see 1977) becomes ASM Award in Applied and Environmental Microbiology

 

First ABMM Professional Recognition Award

 

1992

Increases in member rates for JB, JVI and MCB take those rates beyond journal credit amount included in dues

 

Audit Committee now standing Committee

 

Division J name change to Ultrastructure and Functions

 

ASM Distinguished Service Award established

 

Baxter Diagnostics Microscan Young Investigator Award established

 

Ortho/McNeil Minority Predoctoral Fellowship established

 

Garden and bust of Kitasato dedicated at Headquarters

 

PB establishes ad hoc Ethics Committee

 

CPC's International Affairs Coordinating Committee established

 

Abbott Award changed in purpose and scope; now Abbott Laboratories Award in Clinical and Diagnostic Immunology

 

First ASM-organized workshops offered at International meeting (3rd Western Pacific Conference on Chemotherapy and Infectious Diseases, in Bali)

 

ad hoc Committee on Volunteerism appointed

 

BET Committee on Continuing Education discontinues joint sponsorship of CME programming: will sponsor only General Meeting and ICAAC workshops (1st Retrovirus Conference in 1993 is exception). Joint sponsorship w/ Branches withdrawn in 1993

 

1993

Microbial Literacy Project initiated

 

Proctor and Gamble takes over sponsorship of ASM Award in Applied and Environmental Microbiology (formerly Fisher Award)

 

Undergraduate Research Fellowship Program established

 

ASM and IDSA agree to hold ICAAC and IDSA Annual Meeting contiguously through 1995

 

Education Division (Division W) approved

 

Academy Bylaws revised (Williams Committee?)

 

Award Administration restructured: Honorifics to AAM; fellowships to BET; Travel Grants to Meetings

 

Books Division renamed ASM Press

 

ad hoc Committee appointed to review Divisional Structure

 

Chiron takes over support for Cetus Biotechnology Research Award

 

Sonnenwirth Lecture becomes bioMerieux Vitek Sonnenwirth Memorial Award

 

All journals become available on CD-ROM

 

BET establishes Task Force on Minority Education

1994

Bylaw revision concerning election of honorary members

 

Branch Organization Committee begins comprehensive review of purpose, structure and function of Branches

 

Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology appears

 

PSAB Manpower Committee and Westat, Inc. begin national manpower survey

 

Plan approved to restructure divisions

 

BET begins to administer National Center for Infectious Diseases postdoctoral Research program

 

Headquarters now accessible by email.

 

1995

Dues increase of $5, allocated to public affairs, communication and education programs

 

Constitution/Bylaw revision:

--Membership Board established

--changes in Council/CPC composition: division & branch representatives;

--Books Committee chair member of PB

 

Abbott-ASM Lifetime Achievement Award in microbiology established

 

ASM Public Communication Award established

 

CPEP no longer recognized as accrediting agency by U.S. Dept. of Education

 

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