Dates: b. 1859; 1890's; d. 1945
Locations: College of Physicians and Surgeons; Professor of Pediatrics, New York University; Walker Gordon Milk
Fields: milk; medical; water
Publications: with Cheesman on water and milk sterilization; Elements of Pediatrics for Medical Students (New York: Macmillan Co., 1917); "Milk as an Agency in the Conveyance of Disease," Medical Record no. 13 (1896).
SAB Involvement: Charter SAB member;
Archive Files: See, "Recollection of the Early Days of Bacteriology in New York City," SAB Meeting, 1944 NYC.
Freeman told of his early involvement in bacteriology, explaining that he left the field for private practice for financial reasons. "I was very sorry to give up my laboratory work, but I had to earn my living, and on that account I gave it up." Freeman was part of Coit, Leeds and Prudden’s early efforts to establish a Medical Milk Commission in 1892. In 1898, Freeman showed that milk heated to 68 degrees C. for minutes, and chilled thereafter, was suitable for infant feeding. Along with Jacobi, Strauss and North, he was responsible for the establishment of infant feeding depots in NYC, and favored pasteurization. He also performed the studies that showed that pasteurized milk did not produce scurvy or rickets.