ASM's Top 5 TextbooksHelping educators teach tomorrow's microbiologists.
Dates: b. 1870; 1884 at Hopkins; 1895 at Phil. Bur. of Health; 1896, Phil Policlinic; 1898 to Buffalo; 1901 to Yale; 1901 NY State Dept. of Health; d. 1950
Locations: Assist Instructor, Hopkins Undergraduate Medical School (1894‑1895); First Assist. Bacteriologist, Laboratory of Hygiene, Bureau of Health, City of Philadelphia; Instructor in Bacteriology, Philadelphia Polyclinic; Bacteriologist, New York State Pathological Laboratory (1899); NY State Path. Lab, Buffalo (1898-1900) Instructor in Sanitary Bacteriology, Sheffield Scientific School, Yale (1901); Bacteriologist, New York State Department of Health, Albany (1901‑1910); Maybe at Albany Medical College (1901‑); Lederle Labs (1910‑1919); Dir. Lederle Laboratories (1919‑1940's)
Training: MD or M.B. from University of Toronto; Hopkins under Welch
Fields: medical; public health;
Publications: "An Investigation of Epidemic Typhoid Fever in Montreal, in 1927," (1931); "Reports Concerning the Significance of Bacterial Counts and Bacillus coli Tests," and "Bacteriological Investigations Regarding Rates of Growth in Pasteurized Milk," in Rept. of Experiments Referred to at Hearings on Ice Cream... (1914); "A Carrier of Disease," Good Housekeeping (1913)
SAB Involvement: Charter SAB member; Member, SAB Comm. on Standardization of Sera 1906‑; Recorder of the Laboratory Section of the American Public Health Association 1900‑1911; founding member of the Section of Pathology and Bacteriology of APHA; SAB council member 1912; member, American Association of Pathologists and Bacteriologists.
Archive Files: See, "Recollection of the Early Days of Bacteriology in New York City," SAB Meeting, 1944 NYC; correspondence with Barnett Cohen and others concerning early days in Phil. And beginnings of APHA Lab Section in 7-IIA, Folder 9.8
Pease was the first assistant under Flexner at Hopkins in 1894.
While a graduate student under Welch and Meade Bolton, Pease took the civil service exam for the new Laboratory in Philadelphia. As first assistant, he performed numerous examinations for diphtheria and typhoid, and investigated water samples for contamination. He also worked on the production of tetanus anti‑toxin. In 1896, he was instructor at the Philadelphia Polytechnic, but had few students.
Pease recalls that in 1895, there was a meeting at Jefferson Medical College for those interested in water bacteriology. Surgeon General Sternberg presided, and Welch opened the meeting. Meade Bolton and Pease were up from Baltimore to present papers. The conference considered the problem of bacteriologists reporting typhoid bacilli in water samples when they had merely found motile bacteria. The participants at the conference urged the formation of a committee to standardize methods and procedures, and Cheesman was the Sec. of that committee.
In 1898, he left Philadelphia for Buffalo to join Gaylord and Roswell Park in their cancer research. In 1901, Pease delivered instruction to the first class of undergraduate students majoring in Sanitary Engineering at Yale, along with a small number of graduate students. He set up Rettger's laboratory at Yale.
In 1901, Pease went to Albany to work for the State Dept. of Health, where he worked until 1910. He claims responsibility for establishing branch laboratories in area counties. Pease was an active participant in the 1908 International Congress on Tuberculosis.
Pease was recorder of the laboratory section of the APHA, and he was responsible for collecting archives for their history.