Dr. Erica Suchman covers the differences between a CV and resume, the elements of a CV, cover letters for postdoctoral positions, etc.
I am about to graduate with a PhD, and would like to eventually find a job in industry. How to I structure a professional resume for applying to industrial, non-academic positions?
Excellent question! The fact that you understand that there even is a difference between a curriculum vitae, or CV, and an industrial/professional resume has you ahead of the game. Quick review: an academic CV catalogs a person’s academic career, thus contains the full reference for every publication and presentation given, all awards, honors, committee membership lists, etc. A CV can encompass decades’ worth of a career. The content and format are primarily tailored to highlight a person’s overall experience, and are reviewed by peers who generally understand the technical verbiage used in publication and presentation titles.
In contrast, a professional resume summarizes the most recent years of a professional life (often not going back more than 10 years, unless something is particularly relevant). The format and content of a resume are tailored to specifically highlight how closely an applicant matches a specific job posting. Resumes are often reviewed by a Human Resources Department who will likely not be fluent in technical verbiage.