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ASM General Meeting in San Francisco 2012

Tuesday, 19 June 2012 19:52

Antibiotic Exposure, The Microbiome and Obesity

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Participants discuss variables involved in the development of the infant microbiome and how it affects adult metabolism and body composition in mouse models.

The NIH Human Microbiome Project has been a 5-year endeavor to produce community resources to support the field of human microbiome research. 

Participants highlight and discuss some of the findings from this landmark study.

On the issue of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and animals, the first thing that comes to mind is livestock and other farm-based animals that are regularly fed antibiotics as growth promoters, but they are not the only source of resistance. Participants discuss studies showing that non-farm animals including pets, zoo animals and even houseflies serve as vectors for antibiotic resistance.

Participants discuss the impact of this One Health concept on the future of human and veterinary medicine and environmental policy.

A survey of surfaces in hotel rooms finds television remotes to be among the most heavily contaminated with bacteria and items on housekeeping carts carry the potential to cross-contaminate rooms. Participants discuss the results of this survey, the first step in to objectively assess sanitation by applying NASA's Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points system to the hygiene of hotel rooms.

 

Participants discuss how small molecule interactions between the major constituents of the nasal microbiome are key drivers of the community composition in the nose, and how one intestinal bacterium's ability to produce a neurotransmitter has the potential to prevent or treat inflammatory bowel diseases.

Participants discuss the various roles that the microbiome and its specific members play in the initiation and persistence of diseases.

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