Moore, Veranus Alva


Dates:           b. 1859; to Cornell 1896; retired 1929; d. 1931

Locations:    Bureau of Animal Industry (1887‑1895); Professor of Pathology, National Veterinary College (1895); New York Agricultural Experiment Station; Professor of Veterinary Pathology, Bacteriology and Meat Inspection, New York State Veterinary College, Cornell University (1896‑1906); Professor of Medical Bacteriology, Cornell University Medical College, Ithaca (1906?‑1929); Prof. of Comparative and Vet. Pathology, Bact. and Meat Inspect. and Dean of Veterinary College, Cornell (1908‑1929)

Training:      B.S. Cornell; MD Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons 1890

Fields:        dairy; veterinary; medical; milk

Publications: "Observations on the Morphology, Biology, and Pathogenic Properties of Twenty‑Eight Streptococci Found in the Investigation of Animal Diseases," (Wash. D.C.; GPO, 1893); "Pathogenic and Toxicogenic Bacteria in the Upper Air Passages of Domesticated Animals," (1893); with T. Smith, "The Hog Cholera Group of Bacteria," Centr. Bakt. 16 (1894): 231‑241; "Inefficiency of Milk Separators in Removing Bacteria," (1896); "Infectious Leukaemia in Fowls ‑‑ A Bacterial Disease Frequently Mistaken for Fowl Cholera," (1897); Moore and Ward, "An Inquiry Concerning the Source of Gas and Taint Producing Bacteria in Cheese Curd," Bull. Cornell Agr. Exp. Sta. no. 158 (Jan. 1899); Bacteria in Milk:  A Summary of the Present Knowledge Concerning their Source and Significance (Albany:  J.B. Lyon Co., State Printers, 1902);  "Bovine Tuberculosis," (1905); "The Morbid Anatomy and Etiology of Avian Tuberculosis," J. Med. Res. 11 (1904): 521; Bovine Tuberculosis and its Control (New York, 1913); Pathology and Differential Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases of Animals; Laboratory Directions for Beginners in Bacteriology:  An Introduction to Practical Bacteriology for Students and Practitioners of Comparative and of Human Medicine (Boston:  Ginn, (1900), 2nd ed. (1901) 3rd ed. (1905);

More Pubs:  "Bovine Tuberculosis," Bull. NY Agr. Exp. Sta. no. 225 (1905); with Smith and Harding, "The Bang Method of Controlling Tuberculosis, with an Illustration of its Application," BNYAES no. 277 (1906): 83‑190; The Pathology and Differential Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases of Animals 2nd ed. rev. & enl. (Ithica:  Taylor & Carpenter, 1906); "The Elimination of Tubercle Bacilli from Infected Cattle, and the Control of Bovine Tuberculosis and Infected Milk," Bull. Corn. Univ. Agr. Exp. Sta. no. 299 (1911); Moore and Fitch, Exercises in Bacteriology and Diagnosis for Veterinary Students and Practitioners, (Boston:  Ginn and Co., 1914) Principles of Microbiology: A Treatise on Bacteria, Fungi and Protozoa Pathogenic for Domesticated Animals (1916);

SAB Involvement:  Charter SAB member; Vice Pres. SAB 1909; Pres. of SAB 1910; possible session chair on comparative pathology 1916 SAB meeting; member SAB Comm. on Corresponding Members 1919; Pres. AVMA 1918‑1919; member Central New York State Branch of SAB 1910's‑1920's; SAB Honorary Member ca. 1919

Presidential Address: “Bacteriology in General Education” Science 33: 277-284 (First page only: full text requires subscription)

Archive Files:  Clark, Pioneer Microbiologists of America (Madison:  Univ. of Wisc. Press, 1961): 182‑183; Simon Gage, "V.A. Moore," J. of Bact. 22 (1931): 1‑5; Nat. Cyc. American Biog. 22; DAB; ANB



     Moore had worked with Theobald Smith and D.E. Salmon in the Laboratories of the BAI, mostly on hog cholera and swine plague.  He also studied blackhead in turkeys, and Smith and Salmon believed that the agent was an amoeba.  When Smith left for Harvard, Moore was promoted to director of the BAI, only to be recruited back to Cornell in 1896.  Moore was the first to give instruction and conduct research on bacteriology at Cornell.  He gave courses in general bacteriology to students from all colleges and a course on pathogenic bacteriology for veterinary and medical students.

     At the 1899 SAB Meeting, Moore and Wright delivered a paper on "A Comparison of B. coli communis from Different Species of Animals." In 1901, the two presented "Preliminary Observations on B. coli communis from Certain Species of Animals," in which they found the organism to be fairly stable across different hosts.  At the 1910 meeting of the SAB, Moore's presidential address was on "Bacteriology in General Education."  Interestingly, he presented another broad paper on "The Past and Future of Comparative Bacteriology" before the 1919 SAB meeting.

     Moore was recruited from the Veterinary College to serve as the first professor of medical bacteriology when the Ithaca campus opened for medical students.  His own work included studies of avian tuberculosis, and the persistence of tubercle bacilli in cow's milk and feces (1906).  Moore and Giltner continually presented bacteriological papers before AVMA meetings, on such topics as glanders (1906), tuberculosis (1908), rabies (1909), communicable diseases (1912), but in the teens he mostly worked on hog cholera and swine plague.

     Moore's service role featured some official appointments, from Roosevelt to the International Conference on Tuberculosis, and from Hoover as a member of the Conference on Child Life.  In addition, he was active in the organization of the veterinary corps of the US Army.

     In the 1920's, Moore with Carpenter studied the relationship between undulant fever and contagious abortion, finding a bacteriological equivalence, and some fifty cases in central New York.  See the annual reports for 1925‑1927.

     There is a listing of a paper that Moore delivered before the Local Central New York Branch of the SAB, Nov. 1921, on the "Historical Development of Bacteriology in the United States."  There was no abstract, but I would love to have a copy of it.  For the Oct. 1923 meeting of the local branch, Moore discussed the "Problem in Commercial Pasteurization."  The concern was that pasteurized milk was still causing diphtheria, typhoid fever, and septic sore throat.